This study investigated mass transfer and water state changes promoted by osmotic dehydration on two kiwifruit species, Actinidia deliciosa and Actinidia chinensis. Osmotic treatment was performed in a 61.5% w/v sucrose solution at three different temperatures (25, 35 and 45 °C), with treatment time from 0 to 300 min. Treatment time positively influenced kiwifruit water loss and solid gain while temperature significantly affected only water loss. Peleg’s model highlighted that the main response differences between the two species occurred during the initial phase of the osmotic treatment. Thermal properties and relaxation time measurements offered a complementary view concerning the effects of osmotic dehydration on kiwifruit. DSC parameters appeared to be sensitive to water and solid exchange between fruit and osmotic solution. LF-NMR proton T2 revealed the consequences of the water– solid exchange on the cell compartments, namely vacuole, cytoplasm plus extracellular space and cell wall. During the osmotic treatment, the initial freezing temperature and the freezable water content decrease was dependent on time and treatment temperature, showing a similar tendency for both the kiwifruit species. They evidenced the same treatment response also concerning the reduction of vacuole and the increase of cytoplasm plus extracellular space T2 values.

NMR and DSC Water Study During Osmotic Dehydration of Actinidia deliciosa and Actinidia chinensis Kiwifruit

TYLEWICZ, URSZULA;PANARESE, VALENTINA;LAGHI, LUCA;ROCCULI, PIETRO;PLACUCCI, GIUSEPPE;DALLA ROSA, MARCO
2011

Abstract

This study investigated mass transfer and water state changes promoted by osmotic dehydration on two kiwifruit species, Actinidia deliciosa and Actinidia chinensis. Osmotic treatment was performed in a 61.5% w/v sucrose solution at three different temperatures (25, 35 and 45 °C), with treatment time from 0 to 300 min. Treatment time positively influenced kiwifruit water loss and solid gain while temperature significantly affected only water loss. Peleg’s model highlighted that the main response differences between the two species occurred during the initial phase of the osmotic treatment. Thermal properties and relaxation time measurements offered a complementary view concerning the effects of osmotic dehydration on kiwifruit. DSC parameters appeared to be sensitive to water and solid exchange between fruit and osmotic solution. LF-NMR proton T2 revealed the consequences of the water– solid exchange on the cell compartments, namely vacuole, cytoplasm plus extracellular space and cell wall. During the osmotic treatment, the initial freezing temperature and the freezable water content decrease was dependent on time and treatment temperature, showing a similar tendency for both the kiwifruit species. They evidenced the same treatment response also concerning the reduction of vacuole and the increase of cytoplasm plus extracellular space T2 values.
2011
U. Tylewicz; V. Panarese; L. Laghi; P. Rocculi; M. Nowacka; G. Placucci; M. Dalla Rosa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/98195
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