Cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) and adhesion are very important phenotypical traits for probiotics that confer them a competitive advantage for the resilience in the human gastrointestinal tract. This study was aimed to understand the effects over time of a 50 MPa hyperbaric treatment on the surface properties of Lactobacillus acidophilus 08 including CSH, autoaggregation, and in vitro adhesion (mucin layer and Caco-2 cells). Moreover, a link between the hurdle applied and the expression of genes involved in the general stress response (groEL and clpP) and adhesion processes (efTu and slpA) was evaluated. High pressure homogenization (HPH) at 50 MPa significantly increased the CSH percentage (H%), autoaggregation and in vitro adhesion on mucin of L. acidophilus 08 cells compared with the untreated cells. Moreover, the hyperbaric hurdle induced an upregulation of the stress response genes groEL and ef-TU together with a down regulation of the clpP and S-layer slpA genes. Looking at the protein profile, HPHtreatment showed an increase in the number or intensity of protein bands at high and low molecular weights.

Effects of Sub-Lethal High Pressure Homogenization Treatment on the Adhesion Mechanisms and Stress Response Genes in Lactobacillus acidophilus 08 / Braschi, Giacomo; D’Alessandro, Margherita; Gottardi, Davide; Siroli, Lorenzo; Patrignani, Francesca; Lanciotti, Rosalba. - In: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-302X. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2021), pp. 651711.1-651711.12. [10.3389/fmicb.2021.651711]

Effects of Sub-Lethal High Pressure Homogenization Treatment on the Adhesion Mechanisms and Stress Response Genes in Lactobacillus acidophilus 08

Braschi, Giacomo
Primo
Conceptualization
;
D’Alessandro, Margherita
Secondo
Investigation
;
Gottardi, Davide
Data Curation
;
Siroli, Lorenzo
Data Curation
;
Patrignani, Francesca
Penultimo
Supervision
;
Lanciotti, Rosalba
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) and adhesion are very important phenotypical traits for probiotics that confer them a competitive advantage for the resilience in the human gastrointestinal tract. This study was aimed to understand the effects over time of a 50 MPa hyperbaric treatment on the surface properties of Lactobacillus acidophilus 08 including CSH, autoaggregation, and in vitro adhesion (mucin layer and Caco-2 cells). Moreover, a link between the hurdle applied and the expression of genes involved in the general stress response (groEL and clpP) and adhesion processes (efTu and slpA) was evaluated. High pressure homogenization (HPH) at 50 MPa significantly increased the CSH percentage (H%), autoaggregation and in vitro adhesion on mucin of L. acidophilus 08 cells compared with the untreated cells. Moreover, the hyperbaric hurdle induced an upregulation of the stress response genes groEL and ef-TU together with a down regulation of the clpP and S-layer slpA genes. Looking at the protein profile, HPHtreatment showed an increase in the number or intensity of protein bands at high and low molecular weights.
2021
Effects of Sub-Lethal High Pressure Homogenization Treatment on the Adhesion Mechanisms and Stress Response Genes in Lactobacillus acidophilus 08 / Braschi, Giacomo; D’Alessandro, Margherita; Gottardi, Davide; Siroli, Lorenzo; Patrignani, Francesca; Lanciotti, Rosalba. - In: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-302X. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2021), pp. 651711.1-651711.12. [10.3389/fmicb.2021.651711]
Braschi, Giacomo; D’Alessandro, Margherita; Gottardi, Davide; Siroli, Lorenzo; Patrignani, Francesca; Lanciotti, Rosalba
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/821063
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