In this work, two types of traditional Italian dry fermented sausages (Felino-type and Milano-type), were analyzed as a case study. The aim was to evaluate the effect of different environmental conditions in the drying chambers and different starter cultures on the characteristics of the industrially produced sausages. At the end of ripening, the sausages obtained were analyzed to determine microbial counts, biogenic amines (BA) accumulation and volatile aroma profile by using SPME-GC analysis. These profiles were compared with the results of a trained panel group. Felino-type sausages, inoculated only with Staphylococci, were characterized by a slow pH drop and by the presence of higher BA contents. Moreover, specific enzymatic activities of Staphylococci, such as phenylalanine metabolism, were observed and these drastically modified product volatile profiles. Also the different drying conditions applied were able to affect some sensory characteristics of the final products such as hardness and chewiness reflecting different water loss kinetics.

Effects of starter cultures and fermentation climate on the properties of two types of typical Italian dry fermented sausages produced under industrial conditions

TABANELLI, GIULIA;COLORETTI, FABIO;CHIAVARI, CRISTIANA;GRAZIA, LUIGI;LANCIOTTI, ROSALBA;GARDINI, FAUSTO
2012

Abstract

In this work, two types of traditional Italian dry fermented sausages (Felino-type and Milano-type), were analyzed as a case study. The aim was to evaluate the effect of different environmental conditions in the drying chambers and different starter cultures on the characteristics of the industrially produced sausages. At the end of ripening, the sausages obtained were analyzed to determine microbial counts, biogenic amines (BA) accumulation and volatile aroma profile by using SPME-GC analysis. These profiles were compared with the results of a trained panel group. Felino-type sausages, inoculated only with Staphylococci, were characterized by a slow pH drop and by the presence of higher BA contents. Moreover, specific enzymatic activities of Staphylococci, such as phenylalanine metabolism, were observed and these drastically modified product volatile profiles. Also the different drying conditions applied were able to affect some sensory characteristics of the final products such as hardness and chewiness reflecting different water loss kinetics.
Tabanelli G.; Coloretti F.; Chiavari C.; Grazia L.; Lanciotti R.; Gardini F.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/153619
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 76
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 63
social impact