The seasonal variation of the fatty acids composition of butters were investigated over three seasons during a 12-month study in the protected designation of origin Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese area. Fatty acids were analyzed by GC-FID, and then computed by artificial neural networks (ANN). Compared with spring and winter, butter manufactured from summer milk creams showed an optimal saturated/un-saturated fatty acids ratio (−8.89 and −5.79%), lower levels of saturated fatty acids (−2.63 and −1.68%) and higher levels of mono-unsaturated (+5.50 and +3.45%), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (+0.65 and +0.17%), and rumenic acid (+0.55 and +3.41%), while vaccenic acid had lower levels in spring and higher in winter (−2.94 and +2.91%). Moreover, the ANN models were able to predict the season of production of milk creams, and classify butters obtained from spring and summer milk creams on the basis of the type of feeding regimens. Practical applications: The investigation on variables that affect the milk fatty acids composition can improve the quality of milk across all systems, and the combination of chromatographic and computational techniques will ensure a secure traceability enabling producers to characterize dairy products.

Prediction of seasonal variation of butters by computing the fatty acids composition with artificial neural networks

GORI, ALESSANDRO;CEVOLI, CHIARA;MELIA, SELENIA;FABBRI, ANGELO;CABONI, MARIA;LOSI, GIUSEPPE
2011

Abstract

The seasonal variation of the fatty acids composition of butters were investigated over three seasons during a 12-month study in the protected designation of origin Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese area. Fatty acids were analyzed by GC-FID, and then computed by artificial neural networks (ANN). Compared with spring and winter, butter manufactured from summer milk creams showed an optimal saturated/un-saturated fatty acids ratio (−8.89 and −5.79%), lower levels of saturated fatty acids (−2.63 and −1.68%) and higher levels of mono-unsaturated (+5.50 and +3.45%), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (+0.65 and +0.17%), and rumenic acid (+0.55 and +3.41%), while vaccenic acid had lower levels in spring and higher in winter (−2.94 and +2.91%). Moreover, the ANN models were able to predict the season of production of milk creams, and classify butters obtained from spring and summer milk creams on the basis of the type of feeding regimens. Practical applications: The investigation on variables that affect the milk fatty acids composition can improve the quality of milk across all systems, and the combination of chromatographic and computational techniques will ensure a secure traceability enabling producers to characterize dairy products.
Gori A; Cevoli C; Melia S; Nocetti M; Fabbri A; Caboni MF; Losi G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/112164
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