High pressure homogenization (HPH) technique is able to significantly reduce spoilage microbiota in fruit juice. On the other hand, aroma compounds and essential oils can have a key role in the microbial stability of these roducts. For this reason, the aim of this work was to evaluate the combined effects of an aroma compound (citral, used at a concentration of 50 mg/l) and HPH treatments (performed at 100 MPa for 1–8 successive passes) on the inactivation dynamics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae SPA strain inoculated in apricot juices at level of about 4.5 log CFU/ml. Moreover, growth of surviving yeast cells was measured during the storage of the treated juice at 10 °C and pH, water activity, viscosity and volatile molecule profile of apricot juice were studied. Since citral had been diluted in ethanol before the addition to juice, also samples with only ethanol added at the same volume used to dissolve citral were considered. The results showed that yeast cell viability decreased with the increases of passes at 100 MPa and the relationship between yeast cell loads and number of passes at 100 MPa followed a linear trend. In addition, the effect of HPH treatment can be notably potentiated throughout the presence of citral and ethanol, increasing the time necessary to reach a spoilage threshold during storage. The volatile profiles of the juices added with citral showed a substitution by yeast metabolism of this aldehyde with molecule characterized by a lower antimicrobial activity such as alcohols. The HPH treatments had also a significant effect on pH and viscosity of apricot juices while did not affect aw.

Combined effects of high pressure homogenization treatment and citral on microbiological quality of apricot juice

PATRIGNANI, FRANCESCA;TABANELLI, GIULIA;SIROLI, LORENZO;GARDINI, FAUSTO;LANCIOTTI, ROSALBA
2013

Abstract

High pressure homogenization (HPH) technique is able to significantly reduce spoilage microbiota in fruit juice. On the other hand, aroma compounds and essential oils can have a key role in the microbial stability of these roducts. For this reason, the aim of this work was to evaluate the combined effects of an aroma compound (citral, used at a concentration of 50 mg/l) and HPH treatments (performed at 100 MPa for 1–8 successive passes) on the inactivation dynamics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae SPA strain inoculated in apricot juices at level of about 4.5 log CFU/ml. Moreover, growth of surviving yeast cells was measured during the storage of the treated juice at 10 °C and pH, water activity, viscosity and volatile molecule profile of apricot juice were studied. Since citral had been diluted in ethanol before the addition to juice, also samples with only ethanol added at the same volume used to dissolve citral were considered. The results showed that yeast cell viability decreased with the increases of passes at 100 MPa and the relationship between yeast cell loads and number of passes at 100 MPa followed a linear trend. In addition, the effect of HPH treatment can be notably potentiated throughout the presence of citral and ethanol, increasing the time necessary to reach a spoilage threshold during storage. The volatile profiles of the juices added with citral showed a substitution by yeast metabolism of this aldehyde with molecule characterized by a lower antimicrobial activity such as alcohols. The HPH treatments had also a significant effect on pH and viscosity of apricot juices while did not affect aw.
Patrignani F.; Tabanelli G.; Siroli L.; Gardini F.; Lanciotti R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/134583
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