Fermented meat products represent an important industrial sector in Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean Countries (MC), where the presence of numerous local productions, still obtained through spontaneous fermentation, is recognized as a formidable treasure chest of unexplored microbial biodiversity. Lactobacillaceae naturally occurring in fifteen spontaneously fermented sausages from MC (Italy, Spain, Croatia, and Slovenia) were isolated and taxonomically characterized using molecular techniques. Additionally, a safety assessment for the presence of antibiotic resistances and biogenic amine (BA) production was performed to determine their suitability as autochthonous starter cultures. Molecular typing, performed using REP-PCR, discriminated 151 strains belonging to Latilactobacillus sakei (59.6%), Latilactobacillus curvatus (26.5%) and Companilactobacillus alimentarius (13.9%). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of eight different antibiotics revealed a high resistance to streptomycin (27%), tetracycline (16%), followed by gentamycin (14%) and kanamycin (13%). Interestingly, the results showed a geographical distribution of resistant biotypes. tetM/tetS or ermB genes were identified in only six strains. The amino-biogenic potential of the strains was assessed, confirming the absence of this trait among L. sakei, while a high number of producer strains was found among L. curvatus. On the 151 analyzed strains, 45 demonstrated safety traits for their future use as starter food cultures. These results open the way to further studies on the technological properties of these promising autochthonous strains, strongly linked to the Mediterranean environment.

Taxonomical Identification and Safety Characterization of Lactobacillaceae from Mediterranean Natural Fermented Sausages

Barbieri, Federica;Montanari, Chiara;Lorenzini, Silvia;Gardini, Fausto;Tabanelli, Giulia
2022

Abstract

Fermented meat products represent an important industrial sector in Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean Countries (MC), where the presence of numerous local productions, still obtained through spontaneous fermentation, is recognized as a formidable treasure chest of unexplored microbial biodiversity. Lactobacillaceae naturally occurring in fifteen spontaneously fermented sausages from MC (Italy, Spain, Croatia, and Slovenia) were isolated and taxonomically characterized using molecular techniques. Additionally, a safety assessment for the presence of antibiotic resistances and biogenic amine (BA) production was performed to determine their suitability as autochthonous starter cultures. Molecular typing, performed using REP-PCR, discriminated 151 strains belonging to Latilactobacillus sakei (59.6%), Latilactobacillus curvatus (26.5%) and Companilactobacillus alimentarius (13.9%). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of eight different antibiotics revealed a high resistance to streptomycin (27%), tetracycline (16%), followed by gentamycin (14%) and kanamycin (13%). Interestingly, the results showed a geographical distribution of resistant biotypes. tetM/tetS or ermB genes were identified in only six strains. The amino-biogenic potential of the strains was assessed, confirming the absence of this trait among L. sakei, while a high number of producer strains was found among L. curvatus. On the 151 analyzed strains, 45 demonstrated safety traits for their future use as starter food cultures. These results open the way to further studies on the technological properties of these promising autochthonous strains, strongly linked to the Mediterranean environment.
Bassi, Daniela; Milani, Giovanni; Belloso Daza, Mireya Viviana; Barbieri, Federica; Montanari, Chiara; Lorenzini, Silvia; Šimat, Vida; Gardini, Fausto; Tabanelli, Giulia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/901078
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