Two sub-problems are typically identified for the replication of human finger motions on artificial hands: the measurement of the motions on the human side and the mapping method of human hand movements (primary hand) on the robotic hand (target hand). In this study, we focus on the second sub-problem. During human to robot hand mapping, ensuring natural motions and predictability for the operator is a difficult task, since it requires the preservation of the Cartesian position of the fingertips and the finger shapes given by the joint values. Several approaches have been presented to deal with this problem, which is still unresolved in general. In this work, we exploit the spatial information available in-hand, in particular, related to the thumb-finger relative position, for combining joint and Cartesian mappings. In this way, it is possible to perform a large range of both volar grasps (where the preservation of finger shapes is more important) and precision grips (where the preservation of fingertip positions is more important) during primary-to-target hand mappings, even if kinematic dissimilarities are present. We therefore report on two specific realizations of this approach: a distance-based hybrid mapping, in which the transition between joint and Cartesian mapping is driven by the approaching of the fingers to the current thumb fingertip position, and a workspace-based hybrid mapping, in which the joint–Cartesian transition is defined on the areas of the workspace in which thumb and fingertips can get in contact. The general mapping approach is presented, and the two realizations are tested. In order to report the results of an evaluation of the proposed mappings for multiple robotic hand kinematic structures (both industrial grippers and anthropomorphic hands, with a variable number of fingers), a simulative evaluation was performed.

Simulative Evaluation of a Joint-Cartesian Hybrid Motion Mapping for Robot Hands Based on Spatial In-Hand Information

Meattini R.
;
Chiaravalli D.
;
Palli G.;Melchiorri C.
2022

Abstract

Two sub-problems are typically identified for the replication of human finger motions on artificial hands: the measurement of the motions on the human side and the mapping method of human hand movements (primary hand) on the robotic hand (target hand). In this study, we focus on the second sub-problem. During human to robot hand mapping, ensuring natural motions and predictability for the operator is a difficult task, since it requires the preservation of the Cartesian position of the fingertips and the finger shapes given by the joint values. Several approaches have been presented to deal with this problem, which is still unresolved in general. In this work, we exploit the spatial information available in-hand, in particular, related to the thumb-finger relative position, for combining joint and Cartesian mappings. In this way, it is possible to perform a large range of both volar grasps (where the preservation of finger shapes is more important) and precision grips (where the preservation of fingertip positions is more important) during primary-to-target hand mappings, even if kinematic dissimilarities are present. We therefore report on two specific realizations of this approach: a distance-based hybrid mapping, in which the transition between joint and Cartesian mapping is driven by the approaching of the fingers to the current thumb fingertip position, and a workspace-based hybrid mapping, in which the joint–Cartesian transition is defined on the areas of the workspace in which thumb and fingertips can get in contact. The general mapping approach is presented, and the two realizations are tested. In order to report the results of an evaluation of the proposed mappings for multiple robotic hand kinematic structures (both industrial grippers and anthropomorphic hands, with a variable number of fingers), a simulative evaluation was performed.
Meattini R.; Chiaravalli D.; Palli G.; Melchiorri C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/891149
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