In this letter we present a sEMG-driven human-in-the-loop (HITL) control designed to allow an assistive robot produce proper support forces for both muscular effort compensations , i.e. for assistance in physical tasks, and muscular effort generations , i.e. for the application in muscle strength training exercises related to the elbow joint. By employing our control strategy based on a Double Threshold Strategy (DTS) with a standard PID regulator, we report that our approach can be successfully used to achieve a target, quantifiable muscle activity assistance. In this relation, an experimental concept validation was carried out involving four healthy subjects in physical and muscle strength training tasks, reporting with single-subject and global results that the proposed sEMG-driven control strategy was able to successfully limit the elbow muscular activity to an arbitrary level for effort compensation objectives, and to impose a lower bound to the sEMG signals during effort generation goals. Also, a subjective qualitative evaluation of the robotic assistance was carried out by means of a questionnaire. The obtained results open future possibilities for a simplified usage of the sEMG measurements to obtain a target, quantitatively defined, robot assistance for human joints and muscles.

sEMG-Based Human-in-the-Loop Control of Elbow Assistive Robots for Physical Tasks and Muscle Strength Training

Meattini, Roberto;Chiaravalli, Davide;Palli, Gianluca;Melchiorri, Claudio
2020

Abstract

In this letter we present a sEMG-driven human-in-the-loop (HITL) control designed to allow an assistive robot produce proper support forces for both muscular effort compensations , i.e. for assistance in physical tasks, and muscular effort generations , i.e. for the application in muscle strength training exercises related to the elbow joint. By employing our control strategy based on a Double Threshold Strategy (DTS) with a standard PID regulator, we report that our approach can be successfully used to achieve a target, quantifiable muscle activity assistance. In this relation, an experimental concept validation was carried out involving four healthy subjects in physical and muscle strength training tasks, reporting with single-subject and global results that the proposed sEMG-driven control strategy was able to successfully limit the elbow muscular activity to an arbitrary level for effort compensation objectives, and to impose a lower bound to the sEMG signals during effort generation goals. Also, a subjective qualitative evaluation of the robotic assistance was carried out by means of a questionnaire. The obtained results open future possibilities for a simplified usage of the sEMG measurements to obtain a target, quantitatively defined, robot assistance for human joints and muscles.
Meattini, Roberto; Chiaravalli, Davide; Palli, Gianluca; Melchiorri, Claudio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/768135
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