The study of phenolic maturity in Vitis vinifera L. requires a multidisciplinary approach to understand how the evolution of berry flavonoids and cell wall material influence the colour and the textures of red wine. This is a challenging issue which involves researchers of viticulture and enology, and the results of their work are of particular interest for the producers of high-quality red wines. This review reports the current knowledge regarding phenolic maturity, describing the sensorial traits of the different compounds, the evolution of berry flavonoids and the methodologies used to evaluate their characteristics. Finally, the role of cell wall material in influencing the extractability of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins was shown. By means of a critical review of the results, it can be hypothesised that prolonged ripening improved colour characteristics and mouthfeel properties, thanks to the higher amounts of extractable skin flavonoids associated with lower amounts of seed proanthocyanidins, and to the increased affinity of the cell wall material for the proanthocyanidins most involved in the perception of unpleasant astringency.

The evolution of phenolic compounds in vitis vinifera l. Red berries during ripening: Analysis and role on wine sensory—a review / Allegro G.; Pastore C.; Valentini G.; Filippetti I.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:5(2021), pp. 999.1-999.14. [10.3390/agronomy11050999]

The evolution of phenolic compounds in vitis vinifera l. Red berries during ripening: Analysis and role on wine sensory—a review

Allegro G.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Pastore C.
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Valentini G.
Penultimo
Formal Analysis
;
Filippetti I.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

The study of phenolic maturity in Vitis vinifera L. requires a multidisciplinary approach to understand how the evolution of berry flavonoids and cell wall material influence the colour and the textures of red wine. This is a challenging issue which involves researchers of viticulture and enology, and the results of their work are of particular interest for the producers of high-quality red wines. This review reports the current knowledge regarding phenolic maturity, describing the sensorial traits of the different compounds, the evolution of berry flavonoids and the methodologies used to evaluate their characteristics. Finally, the role of cell wall material in influencing the extractability of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins was shown. By means of a critical review of the results, it can be hypothesised that prolonged ripening improved colour characteristics and mouthfeel properties, thanks to the higher amounts of extractable skin flavonoids associated with lower amounts of seed proanthocyanidins, and to the increased affinity of the cell wall material for the proanthocyanidins most involved in the perception of unpleasant astringency.
2021
The evolution of phenolic compounds in vitis vinifera l. Red berries during ripening: Analysis and role on wine sensory—a review / Allegro G.; Pastore C.; Valentini G.; Filippetti I.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:5(2021), pp. 999.1-999.14. [10.3390/agronomy11050999]
Allegro G.; Pastore C.; Valentini G.; Filippetti I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/855443
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