According to the last report from the European Union (EU) Food Fraud Network, olive oil tops the list of the most notified products. Current EU regulation states geographical origin as mandatory for virgin olive oils, even though an official analytical method is still lacking. Verifying the compliance of label-declared EU oils should be addressed with the highest priority level. Hence, the present work tackles this issue by developing a classification model (PLS-DA) based on the sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fingerprint of 400 samples obtained by HS-SPME-GC–MS to discriminate between EU and non-EU olive oils, obtaining an 89.6% of correct classification for the external validation (three iterations), with a sensitivity of 0.81 and a specificity of 0.95. Subsequently, multi-class discrimination models for EU and non-EU countries were developed and externally validated (with three different validation sets) with successful results (average of 92.2% of correct classification for EU and 96.0% for non-EU countries).

Geographical authentication of virgin olive oil by GC–MS sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fingerprint: Verifying EU and single country label-declaration

Valli E.;Bendini A.;Toschi T. G.;
2022

Abstract

According to the last report from the European Union (EU) Food Fraud Network, olive oil tops the list of the most notified products. Current EU regulation states geographical origin as mandatory for virgin olive oils, even though an official analytical method is still lacking. Verifying the compliance of label-declared EU oils should be addressed with the highest priority level. Hence, the present work tackles this issue by developing a classification model (PLS-DA) based on the sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fingerprint of 400 samples obtained by HS-SPME-GC–MS to discriminate between EU and non-EU olive oils, obtaining an 89.6% of correct classification for the external validation (three iterations), with a sensitivity of 0.81 and a specificity of 0.95. Subsequently, multi-class discrimination models for EU and non-EU countries were developed and externally validated (with three different validation sets) with successful results (average of 92.2% of correct classification for EU and 96.0% for non-EU countries).
Quintanilla-Casas B.; Torres-Cobos B.; Guardiola F.; Servili M.; Alonso-Salces R.M.; Valli E.; Bendini A.; Toschi T.G.; Vichi S.; Tres A.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
FOOD CHEM 2022 EU_non-EU.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
Dimensione 1.5 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.5 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/854620
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact