The nutraceutical interest in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seeds is associated with the presence of macronutrients, micronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and polyphenols. In particular, polyphenols contribute to the health‐promoting effects of this food crop, and their levels are influenced by environmental conditions. Production of quinoa is recently being explored in temperate climate areas, including Italy. The aim of this research was to assess the profile of bioactive compounds in seeds of two quinoa varieties, Regalona‐Baer and Titicaca, grown in northern Italy, compared to that of seeds of those varieties grown in Chile and Denmark, respectively. High‐performance liquid chromatography‐diode array detector (HPLC‐DAD) analysis of phenolic acid and flavonoid profiles, both in their free and soluble conjugated forms, showed that the main differences between Regalona grown in Chile and Italy were for the free vanillic acid and daidzein contents, while the two Titicaca samples mainly differed in quercetin derivative levels. The total phenolic index was comparable in Titicaca and Regalona, and only a slight decrease in this parameter was found in seeds of the two varieties grown in Italy. The in vitro antioxidant activity of seed extracts, evaluated by means of three different assays, indicated that it correlated with flavonol (quercetin derivative) levels. In conclusion, the results indicate that, although environmental conditions alter the polyphenolic profile and biological activities, it is possible to grow good‐quality quinoa in northern Italy.

Free and conjugated phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity in quinoa seeds and their relationship with genotype and environment / Antognoni F.; Potente G.; Biondi S.; Mandrioli R.; Marincich L.; Ruiz K.B.. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2021), pp. 1046.1-1046.15. [10.3390/plants10061046]

Free and conjugated phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity in quinoa seeds and their relationship with genotype and environment

Antognoni F.
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Biondi S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mandrioli R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Marincich L.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ruiz K. B.
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

The nutraceutical interest in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seeds is associated with the presence of macronutrients, micronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and polyphenols. In particular, polyphenols contribute to the health‐promoting effects of this food crop, and their levels are influenced by environmental conditions. Production of quinoa is recently being explored in temperate climate areas, including Italy. The aim of this research was to assess the profile of bioactive compounds in seeds of two quinoa varieties, Regalona‐Baer and Titicaca, grown in northern Italy, compared to that of seeds of those varieties grown in Chile and Denmark, respectively. High‐performance liquid chromatography‐diode array detector (HPLC‐DAD) analysis of phenolic acid and flavonoid profiles, both in their free and soluble conjugated forms, showed that the main differences between Regalona grown in Chile and Italy were for the free vanillic acid and daidzein contents, while the two Titicaca samples mainly differed in quercetin derivative levels. The total phenolic index was comparable in Titicaca and Regalona, and only a slight decrease in this parameter was found in seeds of the two varieties grown in Italy. The in vitro antioxidant activity of seed extracts, evaluated by means of three different assays, indicated that it correlated with flavonol (quercetin derivative) levels. In conclusion, the results indicate that, although environmental conditions alter the polyphenolic profile and biological activities, it is possible to grow good‐quality quinoa in northern Italy.
2021
Free and conjugated phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity in quinoa seeds and their relationship with genotype and environment / Antognoni F.; Potente G.; Biondi S.; Mandrioli R.; Marincich L.; Ruiz K.B.. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2021), pp. 1046.1-1046.15. [10.3390/plants10061046]
Antognoni F.; Potente G.; Biondi S.; Mandrioli R.; Marincich L.; Ruiz K.B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/840572
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