Maize shows wide differences in linoleic acid due both to total lipid content and to fatty acid profile. Therefore, diets containing the same high maize percentage (up to 55%) can differ in linoleic acid content and lead to subcutaneous fats of differing suitability for raw ham curing. Two trials were performed on heavy pigs; in the first, 60 pigs (body weight 48.7 ± 5.1 kg) were fed three diets made using three maize batches differing in linoleic acid due to different total lipid content, in the second trial, 40 pigs (live weight 70.4 ± 3.4 kg) were fed two diets made using two maize batches differing in linoleic acid due to their fatty acid profile. Pigs were slaughtered at 170 kg of live weight. In both trials, the growth and slaughtering performance did not differ. In the first trial the three diets lead to a different content of linoleic acid both in subcutaneous (low linoleic vs medium linoleic vs high linoleic P ≤ 0.01) and intramuscular fat (low linoleic vs high linoleic P ≤ 0.05). In the second trial different linoleic acid content was observed for subcutaneous fat (P ≤ 0.01) but not for intramuscular fat. To formulate diets for heavy pigs, it is crucial to know the linoleic acid content of the maize used, because differences of only 0.3% can lead to significant differences in fatty acids composition of depot fats.

Performance and fat quality of heavy pigs fed maize differing in linoleic acid content.

BOCHICCHIO, DAVIDE;PANCIROLI, ANDREA;MORDENTI, ATTILIO;BROGNA, NICO
2010

Abstract

Maize shows wide differences in linoleic acid due both to total lipid content and to fatty acid profile. Therefore, diets containing the same high maize percentage (up to 55%) can differ in linoleic acid content and lead to subcutaneous fats of differing suitability for raw ham curing. Two trials were performed on heavy pigs; in the first, 60 pigs (body weight 48.7 ± 5.1 kg) were fed three diets made using three maize batches differing in linoleic acid due to different total lipid content, in the second trial, 40 pigs (live weight 70.4 ± 3.4 kg) were fed two diets made using two maize batches differing in linoleic acid due to their fatty acid profile. Pigs were slaughtered at 170 kg of live weight. In both trials, the growth and slaughtering performance did not differ. In the first trial the three diets lead to a different content of linoleic acid both in subcutaneous (low linoleic vs medium linoleic vs high linoleic P ≤ 0.01) and intramuscular fat (low linoleic vs high linoleic P ≤ 0.05). In the second trial different linoleic acid content was observed for subcutaneous fat (P ≤ 0.01) but not for intramuscular fat. To formulate diets for heavy pigs, it is crucial to know the linoleic acid content of the maize used, because differences of only 0.3% can lead to significant differences in fatty acids composition of depot fats.
G. Della Casa; D. Bochicchio; V. Faeti; G. Marchetto; E. Poletti; A. Rossi; A. Panciroli; A.L. Mordenti; N. Brogna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/77995
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