Alkylresorcinols, fatty acid content, and antioxidant activity were analysed in Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccum, T. timopheevi, T. palaeo-colchicum and T. macha accessions from Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Bulgaria and Italy, also including modern durum wheat (T. durum) and bread wheat (T. aestivum) varieties as controls, grown in a common environment. Total alkylresorcinol content ranged between 478.3 and 1153.9 mg kg−1 dm, with the highest contents detected in T. aestivum, T. macha and some T. monococcum accessions. All alkylresorcinol homologues effectively contributed at genotype discrimination. Hexaploid wheats showed higher A19 (23.3–27.5%) and lower A23 (14.0–15.9%) and A25 (4.3–8.1%) relative contents, with respect to other species. C18:2 (50.4–62.3%), C18:1 (14.5–25.8%) and C16 (13.3–16.7%) were the most abundant fatty acid compounds in all accessions. PUFA/MUFA, C18:1/C16 and C18:1/C18:2 ratios significantly differed among genotypes, with special respect to T. monococcum, T. aestivum and T. macha. Significant differences were also observed for protein and total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. The data indicate that some genotypes could represent interesting sources of specific compounds, with a potential use either as promising material for the selection of improved varieties or raw materials to manufacture foods with naturally enhanced content of health promoting compounds.

Alkylresorcinols and fatty acids in primitive wheat populations of Italian and Black sea region countries origin

Giambanelli, Elisa;Ferioli, Federico;D'Antuono, L Filippo
2018

Abstract

Alkylresorcinols, fatty acid content, and antioxidant activity were analysed in Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccum, T. timopheevi, T. palaeo-colchicum and T. macha accessions from Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Bulgaria and Italy, also including modern durum wheat (T. durum) and bread wheat (T. aestivum) varieties as controls, grown in a common environment. Total alkylresorcinol content ranged between 478.3 and 1153.9 mg kg−1 dm, with the highest contents detected in T. aestivum, T. macha and some T. monococcum accessions. All alkylresorcinol homologues effectively contributed at genotype discrimination. Hexaploid wheats showed higher A19 (23.3–27.5%) and lower A23 (14.0–15.9%) and A25 (4.3–8.1%) relative contents, with respect to other species. C18:2 (50.4–62.3%), C18:1 (14.5–25.8%) and C16 (13.3–16.7%) were the most abundant fatty acid compounds in all accessions. PUFA/MUFA, C18:1/C16 and C18:1/C18:2 ratios significantly differed among genotypes, with special respect to T. monococcum, T. aestivum and T. macha. Significant differences were also observed for protein and total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. The data indicate that some genotypes could represent interesting sources of specific compounds, with a potential use either as promising material for the selection of improved varieties or raw materials to manufacture foods with naturally enhanced content of health promoting compounds.
Giambanelli, Elisa*; Ferioli, Federico; D'Antuono, L Filippo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/674328
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