OPA1 is a dynamin-related GTPase that controls mitochondrial dynamics, cristae integrity, energetics and mtDNA maintenance. The exceptional complexity of this protein is determined by the presence, in humans, of eight different isoforms that, in turn, are proteolytically cleaved into combinations of membrane-anchored long forms and soluble short forms. Recent advances highlight how each OPA1 isoform is able to fulfill "essential" mitochondrial functions, whereas only some variants carry out "specialized" features. Long forms determine fusion, long or short forms alone build cristae, whereas long and short forms together tune mitochondrial morphology. These findings offer novel challenging therapeutic potential to gene therapy.

Eight human OPA1 isoforms, long and short: What are they for?

Del Dotto, Valentina;FOGAZZA, MARIO;Carelli, Valerio;Rugolo, Michela
;
Zanna, Claudia
2018

Abstract

OPA1 is a dynamin-related GTPase that controls mitochondrial dynamics, cristae integrity, energetics and mtDNA maintenance. The exceptional complexity of this protein is determined by the presence, in humans, of eight different isoforms that, in turn, are proteolytically cleaved into combinations of membrane-anchored long forms and soluble short forms. Recent advances highlight how each OPA1 isoform is able to fulfill "essential" mitochondrial functions, whereas only some variants carry out "specialized" features. Long forms determine fusion, long or short forms alone build cristae, whereas long and short forms together tune mitochondrial morphology. These findings offer novel challenging therapeutic potential to gene therapy.
Del Dotto, Valentina; Fogazza, Mario; Carelli, Valerio; Rugolo, Michela; Zanna, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/621617
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