In ‘Trebbiano Romagnolo’ grapevines basal bud fertility is usually low and can be related to bud N status. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of foliar N application on bud fertility in a mature vineyard subjected to two levels of soil N (39 and 78 kg N ha−1) fertility induced by application of urea. Both the vines at low and high N soil availability were sprayed once with 2.5 kg 15 N ha−1 in pre-bloom and in post-bloom 15N-enriched-ammonium nitrate. Nitrogen soil application increased soil mineral N significantly from June to October, however, with the exception of main shoot axes, the N concentration in the canopy organs (leaves, buds, and bunches) did not respond to the increase of soil fertility. Foliar N applied in June promoted the percentage of NDFF in apical and basal bud and bunch as well, compared with the application made in July. A linear correlation between leaf and basal bud N concentration in 2014 and basal bud fertility (number of inflorescences per shoot) in 2015 was observed indicating a positive effect of sprayed N on bud fruitfulness even when soil N availability is not limiting.

Effect of post-bloom foliar nitrogen application on vines under two level of soil fertilization in increasing bud fertility of ‘Trebbiano Romagnolo’ (Vitis vinifera L.) vine

BALDI, ELENA;COLUCCI, EMILIA;GIOACCHINI, PAOLA;VALENTINI, GABRIELE;ALLEGRO, GIANLUCA;PASTORE, CHIARA;FILIPPETTI, ILARIA;TOSELLI, MORENO
2017

Abstract

In ‘Trebbiano Romagnolo’ grapevines basal bud fertility is usually low and can be related to bud N status. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of foliar N application on bud fertility in a mature vineyard subjected to two levels of soil N (39 and 78 kg N ha−1) fertility induced by application of urea. Both the vines at low and high N soil availability were sprayed once with 2.5 kg 15 N ha−1 in pre-bloom and in post-bloom 15N-enriched-ammonium nitrate. Nitrogen soil application increased soil mineral N significantly from June to October, however, with the exception of main shoot axes, the N concentration in the canopy organs (leaves, buds, and bunches) did not respond to the increase of soil fertility. Foliar N applied in June promoted the percentage of NDFF in apical and basal bud and bunch as well, compared with the application made in July. A linear correlation between leaf and basal bud N concentration in 2014 and basal bud fertility (number of inflorescences per shoot) in 2015 was observed indicating a positive effect of sprayed N on bud fruitfulness even when soil N availability is not limiting.
Baldi, E; Colucci, E.; Gioacchini, P.; Valentini, G.; Allegro, G.; Pastore, C.; Filippetti, I.; Toselli, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/588378
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