All-trans retinoic acid (RA) induces complete remission in a high proportion of patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Nevertheless, most of these patients develop RA resistance and relapse. In an attemp to mimic clinical conditions for the treatment of leukemia, a stably RA-resistant subclone of the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 (HL60-R) was developed to study the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effect of the retinoid IIF (6-OH-11-O-hydroxyphenantrene) in comparison with RA. Moreover wheter the inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, valproic acid (VPA), could enhance sensitivity to retinoids in HL60-R cells was evaluated. Finally, the effect of IIF on the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was evaluated. It was found that IIF strongly suppressed cell proliferation (as measured by growth curves) and induced apoptosis (as measured by DNA fragmentation and Annexin V detection assay), while RA was practically ineffective. The addition of VPA to IIF accentuated the antiproliferative effect of IIF alone and increased apoptosis; the combination of VPA with RA allowed growth arrest. Moreover IIF caused a reduction of transmembrane transporter expression, particularly of P-gp, as shown by Western blotting. Our results suggest that IIF may be useful in controlling the proliferation of RA-resistant leukemia cells, especially in combination with an HDAC inhibitor such as VPA

Growth Inhibition and Proapoptotic Activity Induction by IIF and Valproic Acid on RA-resistant Leukemia Cells.

BARTOLINI, GIOVANNA;ORLANDI, MARINA;PAPI, ALESSIO;TONELLI, ROBERTO;FRANZONI, MONICA;PESSION, ANDREA;ROCCHI, PAOLA;FERRERI, ANNA MARIA
2008

Abstract

All-trans retinoic acid (RA) induces complete remission in a high proportion of patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Nevertheless, most of these patients develop RA resistance and relapse. In an attemp to mimic clinical conditions for the treatment of leukemia, a stably RA-resistant subclone of the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 (HL60-R) was developed to study the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effect of the retinoid IIF (6-OH-11-O-hydroxyphenantrene) in comparison with RA. Moreover wheter the inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, valproic acid (VPA), could enhance sensitivity to retinoids in HL60-R cells was evaluated. Finally, the effect of IIF on the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was evaluated. It was found that IIF strongly suppressed cell proliferation (as measured by growth curves) and induced apoptosis (as measured by DNA fragmentation and Annexin V detection assay), while RA was practically ineffective. The addition of VPA to IIF accentuated the antiproliferative effect of IIF alone and increased apoptosis; the combination of VPA with RA allowed growth arrest. Moreover IIF caused a reduction of transmembrane transporter expression, particularly of P-gp, as shown by Western blotting. Our results suggest that IIF may be useful in controlling the proliferation of RA-resistant leukemia cells, especially in combination with an HDAC inhibitor such as VPA
G.Bartolini;M.Orlandi;A.Papi;K.Ammar;R.Tonelli;M.Franzoni; A.Pession;P.Rocchi;A.M.Ferreri
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/54619
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