A trial was conducted to evaluate the influence of myodegeneration of pectoralis major muscle on quality traits and chemical composition of breast meat of heavy size male broilers. For this purpose, a total of 72 pectoralis major muscles were randomly collected from broilers farmed under homogeneous conditions and graded into three categories (mild, n= 22; moderate, n=33; and severe, n=17) based on the presence of abnormal fibers (giant fibers, fibers with hyaline degeneration and damaged and/or necrotic fibers) evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Color, pH, drip and loss, Allo-Kramer shear values and chemical composition (moisture, proteins, total lipids, ashes and collagen) were determined on non-marinated breast meat, as well as purge loss and cook loss, total yield and Allo-Kramer shear values were measured on vacuum tumbled samples. Samples showing moderate myodegeneration had the highest mean cross-sectional area of the fibers, while samples with severe myodegeneration had myofibers of different diameter and without the characteristic polygonal shape, multifocal degeneration and necrosis, as well as infiltration of CD3-immunoreactive cells. Cooking losses of non-marinated meat were lower in mild group in respect to moderate and severe groups (21.4 vs. 24.7 and 24.7%; P<0.001). Breast muscles with severe damages, in comparison with mild degenerated samples, showed higher moisture (75.4 vs. 74.4%; P<0.05) and lower protein percentages (21.1 vs. 22.6%; P<0.001). The lipid percentage of severe degenerated samples was higher than that from moderate group (2.94 vs. 2.36; P<0.05), while collagen content was not modified by histological lesion levels. Marinated meat from mild group had higher uptake and total marinade yield after cooking. In conclusion, almost all breast fillets of heavy broiler chickens produced under intensive farming systems had histological lesions which reflected on chemical composition of meat and impaired water holding/binding capacities of the meat.

MAZZONI M., PETRACCI M., MELUZZI A., CAVANI C., CLAVENZANI P., SIRRI F. (2015). Relationship between pectoralis major muscle histology and quality traits of chicken meat. POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(1), 123-130 [10.3382/ps/peu043].

Relationship between pectoralis major muscle histology and quality traits of chicken meat

MAZZONI, MAURIZIO;PETRACCI, MASSIMILIANO;MELUZZI, ADELE;CAVANI, CLAUDIO;CLAVENZANI, PAOLO;SIRRI, FEDERICO
2015

Abstract

A trial was conducted to evaluate the influence of myodegeneration of pectoralis major muscle on quality traits and chemical composition of breast meat of heavy size male broilers. For this purpose, a total of 72 pectoralis major muscles were randomly collected from broilers farmed under homogeneous conditions and graded into three categories (mild, n= 22; moderate, n=33; and severe, n=17) based on the presence of abnormal fibers (giant fibers, fibers with hyaline degeneration and damaged and/or necrotic fibers) evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Color, pH, drip and loss, Allo-Kramer shear values and chemical composition (moisture, proteins, total lipids, ashes and collagen) were determined on non-marinated breast meat, as well as purge loss and cook loss, total yield and Allo-Kramer shear values were measured on vacuum tumbled samples. Samples showing moderate myodegeneration had the highest mean cross-sectional area of the fibers, while samples with severe myodegeneration had myofibers of different diameter and without the characteristic polygonal shape, multifocal degeneration and necrosis, as well as infiltration of CD3-immunoreactive cells. Cooking losses of non-marinated meat were lower in mild group in respect to moderate and severe groups (21.4 vs. 24.7 and 24.7%; P<0.001). Breast muscles with severe damages, in comparison with mild degenerated samples, showed higher moisture (75.4 vs. 74.4%; P<0.05) and lower protein percentages (21.1 vs. 22.6%; P<0.001). The lipid percentage of severe degenerated samples was higher than that from moderate group (2.94 vs. 2.36; P<0.05), while collagen content was not modified by histological lesion levels. Marinated meat from mild group had higher uptake and total marinade yield after cooking. In conclusion, almost all breast fillets of heavy broiler chickens produced under intensive farming systems had histological lesions which reflected on chemical composition of meat and impaired water holding/binding capacities of the meat.
2015
MAZZONI M., PETRACCI M., MELUZZI A., CAVANI C., CLAVENZANI P., SIRRI F. (2015). Relationship between pectoralis major muscle histology and quality traits of chicken meat. POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(1), 123-130 [10.3382/ps/peu043].
MAZZONI M.; PETRACCI M.; MELUZZI A.; CAVANI C.; CLAVENZANI P.; SIRRI F.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0032579119324125-main.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
Dimensione 767.85 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
767.85 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/379084
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 39
  • Scopus 114
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 103
social impact