Background Antimicrobial resistance has been identifed as a major threat to global health. The pig food chain is considered an important source of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). However, there is still a lack of knowledge on the dispersion of ARGs in pig production system, including the external environment. Results In the present study, we longitudinally followed one swine farm located in Italy from the weaning phase to the slaughterhouse to comprehensively assess the diversity of ARGs, their difusion, and the bacteria associated with them. We obtained shotgun metagenomic sequences from 294 samples, including pig feces, farm environment, soil around the farm, wastewater, and slaughterhouse environment. We identifed a total of 530 species-level genome bins (SGBs), which allowed us to assess the dispersion of microorganisms and their associated ARGs in the farm system. We identifed 309 SGBs being shared between the animals gut microbiome, the internal and external farm environments. Specifcally, these SGBs were characterized by a diverse and complex resistome, with ARGs active against 18 diferent classes of antibiotic compounds, well matching antibiotic use in the pig food chain in Europe. Conclusions Collectively, our results highlight the urgency to implement more efective countermeasures to limit the dispersion of ARGs in the pig food systems and the relevance of metagenomics-based approaches to monitor the spread of ARGs for the safety of the farm working environment and the surrounding ecosystems.

Scicchitano, D., Leuzzi, D., Babbi, G., Palladino, G., Turroni, S., Laczny, C.C., et al. (2024). Dispersion of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in pig farms and in the surrounding environment. ANIMAL MICROBIOME, 6(1), 1-15 [10.1186/s42523-024-00305-8].

Dispersion of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in pig farms and in the surrounding environment

Scicchitano, Daniel;Leuzzi, Daniela;Babbi, Giulia;Palladino, Giorgia;Turroni, Silvia;Correa, Federico;Savojardo, Castrense;Luise, Diana;Martelli, Pierluigi;Trevisi, Paolo;Candela, Marco
;
Rampelli, Simone
2024

Abstract

Background Antimicrobial resistance has been identifed as a major threat to global health. The pig food chain is considered an important source of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). However, there is still a lack of knowledge on the dispersion of ARGs in pig production system, including the external environment. Results In the present study, we longitudinally followed one swine farm located in Italy from the weaning phase to the slaughterhouse to comprehensively assess the diversity of ARGs, their difusion, and the bacteria associated with them. We obtained shotgun metagenomic sequences from 294 samples, including pig feces, farm environment, soil around the farm, wastewater, and slaughterhouse environment. We identifed a total of 530 species-level genome bins (SGBs), which allowed us to assess the dispersion of microorganisms and their associated ARGs in the farm system. We identifed 309 SGBs being shared between the animals gut microbiome, the internal and external farm environments. Specifcally, these SGBs were characterized by a diverse and complex resistome, with ARGs active against 18 diferent classes of antibiotic compounds, well matching antibiotic use in the pig food chain in Europe. Conclusions Collectively, our results highlight the urgency to implement more efective countermeasures to limit the dispersion of ARGs in the pig food systems and the relevance of metagenomics-based approaches to monitor the spread of ARGs for the safety of the farm working environment and the surrounding ecosystems.
2024
Scicchitano, D., Leuzzi, D., Babbi, G., Palladino, G., Turroni, S., Laczny, C.C., et al. (2024). Dispersion of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in pig farms and in the surrounding environment. ANIMAL MICROBIOME, 6(1), 1-15 [10.1186/s42523-024-00305-8].
Scicchitano, Daniel; Leuzzi, Daniela; Babbi, Giulia; Palladino, Giorgia; Turroni, Silvia; Laczny, Cédric Christian; Wilmes, Paul; Correa, Federico; Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Savojardo, Castrense; Luise, Diana; Martelli, Pierluigi; Trevisi, Paolo; Aarestrup, Frank Møller; Candela, Marco; Rampelli, Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/966994
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