The development of in vitro seed amplification assays (SAA) detecting misfolded alpha-synuclein (alpha Syn) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and other tissues has provided a pathology-specific biomarker for Lewy body disease (LBD). However, alpha Syn SAA diagnostic performance in early pathological stages or low Lewy body (LB) pathology load has only been assessed in small cohorts. Moreover, the relationship between SAA kinetic parameters, the number of alpha Syn brain seeds and the LB pathology burden assessed by immunohistochemistry has never been systematically investigated. We tested 269 antemortem CSF samples and 138 serially diluted brain homogenates from patients with and without neuropathological evidence of LBD in different stages by the alpha Syn Real-Time Quaking-Induced Conversion (RT-QuIC) SAA. Moreover, we looked for LB pathology by alpha Syn immunohistochemistry in a consecutive series of 604 Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)-affected brains. alpha Syn CSF RT-QuIC showed 100% sensitivity in detecting LBD in limbic and neocortical stages. The assay sensitivity was significantly lower in patients in early stages (37.5% in Braak 1 and 2, 73.3% in Braak 3) or with focal pathology (50% in amygdala-predominant). The average number of CSF RT-QuIC positive replicates significantly correlated with LBD stage. Brain homogenate RT-QuIC showed higher sensitivity than immunohistochemistry for the detection of misfolded alpha Syn. In the latter, the kinetic parameter lag phase (time to reach the positive threshold) strongly correlated with the alpha Syn seed concentration in serial dilution experiments. Finally, incidental LBD prevalence was 8% in the CJD cohort. The present results indicate that (a) CSF RT-QuIC has high specificity and sufficient sensitivity to detect all patients with LB pathology at Braak stages > 3 and most of those at stage 3; (b) brain deposition of misfolded alpha Syn precedes the formation of LB and Lewy neurites; (c) alpha Syn SAA provides "quantitative" information regarding the LB pathology burden, with the lag phase and the number of positive replicates being the most promising variables to be used in the clinical setting.

Bentivenga, G.M., Mammana, A., Baiardi, S., Rossi, M., Ticca, A., Magliocchetti, F., et al. (2024). Performance of a seed amplification assay for misfolded alpha-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue in relation to Lewy body disease stage and pathology burden. ACTA NEUROPATHOLOGICA, 147(1), 1-13 [10.1007/s00401-023-02663-0].

Performance of a seed amplification assay for misfolded alpha-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue in relation to Lewy body disease stage and pathology burden

Bentivenga, Giuseppe Mario;Mammana, Angela;Baiardi, Simone;Rossi, Marcello;Ticca, Alice;Magliocchetti, Franco;Mastrangelo, Andrea;Capellari, Sabina;Parchi, Piero
2024

Abstract

The development of in vitro seed amplification assays (SAA) detecting misfolded alpha-synuclein (alpha Syn) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and other tissues has provided a pathology-specific biomarker for Lewy body disease (LBD). However, alpha Syn SAA diagnostic performance in early pathological stages or low Lewy body (LB) pathology load has only been assessed in small cohorts. Moreover, the relationship between SAA kinetic parameters, the number of alpha Syn brain seeds and the LB pathology burden assessed by immunohistochemistry has never been systematically investigated. We tested 269 antemortem CSF samples and 138 serially diluted brain homogenates from patients with and without neuropathological evidence of LBD in different stages by the alpha Syn Real-Time Quaking-Induced Conversion (RT-QuIC) SAA. Moreover, we looked for LB pathology by alpha Syn immunohistochemistry in a consecutive series of 604 Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)-affected brains. alpha Syn CSF RT-QuIC showed 100% sensitivity in detecting LBD in limbic and neocortical stages. The assay sensitivity was significantly lower in patients in early stages (37.5% in Braak 1 and 2, 73.3% in Braak 3) or with focal pathology (50% in amygdala-predominant). The average number of CSF RT-QuIC positive replicates significantly correlated with LBD stage. Brain homogenate RT-QuIC showed higher sensitivity than immunohistochemistry for the detection of misfolded alpha Syn. In the latter, the kinetic parameter lag phase (time to reach the positive threshold) strongly correlated with the alpha Syn seed concentration in serial dilution experiments. Finally, incidental LBD prevalence was 8% in the CJD cohort. The present results indicate that (a) CSF RT-QuIC has high specificity and sufficient sensitivity to detect all patients with LB pathology at Braak stages > 3 and most of those at stage 3; (b) brain deposition of misfolded alpha Syn precedes the formation of LB and Lewy neurites; (c) alpha Syn SAA provides "quantitative" information regarding the LB pathology burden, with the lag phase and the number of positive replicates being the most promising variables to be used in the clinical setting.
2024
Bentivenga, G.M., Mammana, A., Baiardi, S., Rossi, M., Ticca, A., Magliocchetti, F., et al. (2024). Performance of a seed amplification assay for misfolded alpha-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue in relation to Lewy body disease stage and pathology burden. ACTA NEUROPATHOLOGICA, 147(1), 1-13 [10.1007/s00401-023-02663-0].
Bentivenga, Giuseppe Mario; Mammana, Angela; Baiardi, Simone; Rossi, Marcello; Ticca, Alice; Magliocchetti, Franco; Mastrangelo, Andrea; Poleggi, Anna...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/961160
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