: Fish freshness and quality can be measured through several indices that can be both chemical and physical. The storage temperature and the time that elapses following the catching of the fish are fundamental parameters that define and influence both the degree of freshness and nutritional quality. Moreover, they particularly effect the kind of fish we considered. In this research, it was observed how different temperatures of storage and shelf-life (+4 °C and 0 °C) may affect the metabolic profile of red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and bogue (Boops boops) fish samples over time, specifically observing the alteration of freshness and quality. In particular, a High-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (HR-NMR)-based metabolomics approach was applied to study the metabolic profile changes that occur in fish spoilage. The HR-NMR spectroscopy data were useful for calculating a kinetic model that was able to predict the evolution of different compounds related to fish freshness, such as trimethylamine (TMA-N) and adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) catabolites for the K-index. Furthermore, NMR in combination with chemometrics allowed us to estimate a further kinetic model able to represent the spoilage evolution by considering the entire metabolome. In this way, it was also possible to detect further biomarkers characterizing the freshness and quality status of both red mullets and bogues.

Application of HR-NMR for the Metabolic Kinetic Assessment of Red Mullet (Mullus barbatus) and Bogue (Boops boops) Samples during Different Temperature Storage

Ciampa A.
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Picone G.
Ultimo
Supervision
2023

Abstract

: Fish freshness and quality can be measured through several indices that can be both chemical and physical. The storage temperature and the time that elapses following the catching of the fish are fundamental parameters that define and influence both the degree of freshness and nutritional quality. Moreover, they particularly effect the kind of fish we considered. In this research, it was observed how different temperatures of storage and shelf-life (+4 °C and 0 °C) may affect the metabolic profile of red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and bogue (Boops boops) fish samples over time, specifically observing the alteration of freshness and quality. In particular, a High-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (HR-NMR)-based metabolomics approach was applied to study the metabolic profile changes that occur in fish spoilage. The HR-NMR spectroscopy data were useful for calculating a kinetic model that was able to predict the evolution of different compounds related to fish freshness, such as trimethylamine (TMA-N) and adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) catabolites for the K-index. Furthermore, NMR in combination with chemometrics allowed us to estimate a further kinetic model able to represent the spoilage evolution by considering the entire metabolome. In this way, it was also possible to detect further biomarkers characterizing the freshness and quality status of both red mullets and bogues.
2023
Ciampa A.; Picone G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/924726
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