(NSCLCs). Several tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have shown high efficacy in patients whose tumors harbour a ROS1 fusion. However, the limited availability of preclinical models of ROS1-positive NSCLC hinders the discovery of new drugs and the understanding of the mechanisms underlying drug resistance and strategies to overcome it. Methods: The ADK-VR2 cell line was derived from the pleural effusion of a treatment-naïve NSCLC patient bearing SDC4-ROS1 gene fusion. The sensitivity of ADK-VR2 and its crizotinib-resistant clone ADK-VR2 AG143 (selected in 3D culture in the presence of crizotinib) to different TKIs was tested in vitro, in both 2D and 3D conditions. Tumorigenic and metastatic ability was assessed in highly immunodeficient mice. In addition, crizotinib efficacy on ADK-VR2 was evaluated in vivo. Results: 2D-growth of ADK-VR2 cells was partially inhibited by crizotinib. On the contrary, the treatment with other TKIs, such as lorlatinib, entrectinib and DS-6051b, did not result in cell growth inhibition. TKIs showed dramatically different efficacy on ADK-VR2 cells, depending on the cell culture conditions. In 3D culture, ADK-VR2 growth was indeed almost totally inhibited by lorlatinib and DS-6051b. The clone ADK VR2 AG143 showed higher resistance to crizotinib treatment in vitro, compared to its parental cell line, in both 2D and 3D cultures. Similarly to ADK-VR2, ADK-VR2 AG143 growth was strongly inhibited by lorlatinib in 3D conditions. Nevertheless, ADK-VR2 AG143 sphere formation was less affected by TKIs treatment, compared to the parental cell line. In vivo experiments highlighted the high tumorigenic and metastatic ability of ADK-VR2 cell line, which, once injected in immunodeficient mice, gave rise to both spontaneous and experimental lung metastases while the crizotinib-resistant clone ADK-VR2 AG143 showed a slower growth in vivo. In addition, ADK-VR2 tumor growth was significantly reduced but not eradicated by crizotinib treatment. Conclusions: The ADK-VR2 cell line is a promising NSCLC preclinical model for the study

ADK-VR2, a cell line derived from a treatment-naïve patient with SDC4-ROS1 fusion-positive primarily crizotinib-resistant NSCLC: a novel preclinical model for new drug development of ROS1- rearranged NSCLC

Ruzzi, Francesca;Angelicola, Stefania;Landuzzi, Lorena;Nironi, Elena;Semprini, Maria Sofia;Scalambra, Laura;Gruppioni, Elisa;Fiorentino, Michelangelo;Giunchi, Francesca;Ferracin, Manuela;Astolfi, Annalisa;Indio, Valentina;Ardizzoni, Andrea;Gelsomino, Francesco;Nanni, Patrizia;Lollini, Pier-Luigi;Palladini, Arianna
2022

Abstract

(NSCLCs). Several tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have shown high efficacy in patients whose tumors harbour a ROS1 fusion. However, the limited availability of preclinical models of ROS1-positive NSCLC hinders the discovery of new drugs and the understanding of the mechanisms underlying drug resistance and strategies to overcome it. Methods: The ADK-VR2 cell line was derived from the pleural effusion of a treatment-naïve NSCLC patient bearing SDC4-ROS1 gene fusion. The sensitivity of ADK-VR2 and its crizotinib-resistant clone ADK-VR2 AG143 (selected in 3D culture in the presence of crizotinib) to different TKIs was tested in vitro, in both 2D and 3D conditions. Tumorigenic and metastatic ability was assessed in highly immunodeficient mice. In addition, crizotinib efficacy on ADK-VR2 was evaluated in vivo. Results: 2D-growth of ADK-VR2 cells was partially inhibited by crizotinib. On the contrary, the treatment with other TKIs, such as lorlatinib, entrectinib and DS-6051b, did not result in cell growth inhibition. TKIs showed dramatically different efficacy on ADK-VR2 cells, depending on the cell culture conditions. In 3D culture, ADK-VR2 growth was indeed almost totally inhibited by lorlatinib and DS-6051b. The clone ADK VR2 AG143 showed higher resistance to crizotinib treatment in vitro, compared to its parental cell line, in both 2D and 3D cultures. Similarly to ADK-VR2, ADK-VR2 AG143 growth was strongly inhibited by lorlatinib in 3D conditions. Nevertheless, ADK-VR2 AG143 sphere formation was less affected by TKIs treatment, compared to the parental cell line. In vivo experiments highlighted the high tumorigenic and metastatic ability of ADK-VR2 cell line, which, once injected in immunodeficient mice, gave rise to both spontaneous and experimental lung metastases while the crizotinib-resistant clone ADK-VR2 AG143 showed a slower growth in vivo. In addition, ADK-VR2 tumor growth was significantly reduced but not eradicated by crizotinib treatment. Conclusions: The ADK-VR2 cell line is a promising NSCLC preclinical model for the study
2022
Ruzzi, Francesca; Angelicola, Stefania; Landuzzi, Lorena; Nironi, Elena; Semprini, Maria Sofia; Scalambra, Laura; Altimari, Annalisa; Gruppioni, Elisa; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; Giunchi, Francesca; Ferracin, Manuela; Astolfi, Annalisa; Indio, Valentina; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Gelsomino, Francesco; Nanni, Patrizia; Lollini, Pier-Luigi; Palladini, Arianna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/903220
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