The effect of dietary lipid sources (animal fat, AF vs. vegetable oil, VO) was investigated on the phospholipid (PL) fraction of raw chicken meat and precooked chicken patties. PL classes were determined on extracted lipids by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) connected with an evaporative light-scattering detector (ELSD). The HPLC-ELSD method showed good intraday repeatability (less than 5% for different PL) and limits of detection ranging from 0.006 mg/mL (phosphatidylethanolamine) to 0.045 mg/mL (sphingomyelin). Diet did not consistently influence PL in chicken breast. A significant difference was assessed in meat batter where total PL were at levels of 349.0 and 388.2 mg/100 g of product in batter from broilers fed AF and VO diet, respectively. Cooking oil absorption caused an important decrease in PL (lower than 300 mg/100 g of product in pre-fried patties). Diet was an effective means to control the PL fatty acid profile in chicken, particularly the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). In minced breast and thigh and meat batter from birds fed a VO-supplemented diet, the relative amount of PUFA was 46, 81 and 28% higher than that determined in the corresponding samples obtained from broilers fed an AF-based diet.

Composition of phospholipid fraction in raw chicken meat and pre-cooked chicken patties: influence of feeding fat sources and processing technology

FERIOLI, FEDERICO;CABONI, MARIA
2010

Abstract

The effect of dietary lipid sources (animal fat, AF vs. vegetable oil, VO) was investigated on the phospholipid (PL) fraction of raw chicken meat and precooked chicken patties. PL classes were determined on extracted lipids by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) connected with an evaporative light-scattering detector (ELSD). The HPLC-ELSD method showed good intraday repeatability (less than 5% for different PL) and limits of detection ranging from 0.006 mg/mL (phosphatidylethanolamine) to 0.045 mg/mL (sphingomyelin). Diet did not consistently influence PL in chicken breast. A significant difference was assessed in meat batter where total PL were at levels of 349.0 and 388.2 mg/100 g of product in batter from broilers fed AF and VO diet, respectively. Cooking oil absorption caused an important decrease in PL (lower than 300 mg/100 g of product in pre-fried patties). Diet was an effective means to control the PL fatty acid profile in chicken, particularly the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). In minced breast and thigh and meat batter from birds fed a VO-supplemented diet, the relative amount of PUFA was 46, 81 and 28% higher than that determined in the corresponding samples obtained from broilers fed an AF-based diet.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/90118
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