Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant disease characterized by poor prognosis due to a high incidence of metastasis and chemoresistance. Recently, Licochalcone A (Lic-A) has been reported as a promising agent against OS. Starting from chalcones selected from a wide in-house library, a new series was designed and synthetized. The antitumor activity of the compounds was tested on the MG63 OS cell line through the innovative Quantitative Phase Imaging technique and MTT assay. To further investigate the biological profile of active derivatives, cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction were evaluated. An earlier and more consistent arrest in the G2-M phase with respect to Lic-A was observed. Moreover, apoptosis was assessed by Annexin V staining as well as by the detection of typical morphological features of apoptotic cells. Among the selected compounds, 1e, 1q, and 1r proved to be the most promising antitumor molecules. This study pointed out that an integrated methodological approach may constitute a valuable platform for the rapid screening of large series of compounds.

Natural-like Chalcones with Antitumor Activity on Human MG63 Osteosarcoma Cells

Rossi, Martina
Co-primo
;
Cappadone, Concettina
Co-primo
;
Picone, Giovanna
Secondo
;
Bisi, Alessandra;Farruggia, Giovanna;Belluti, Federica;Blasi, Paolo;Gobbi, Silvia
Penultimo
;
Malucelli, Emil
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant disease characterized by poor prognosis due to a high incidence of metastasis and chemoresistance. Recently, Licochalcone A (Lic-A) has been reported as a promising agent against OS. Starting from chalcones selected from a wide in-house library, a new series was designed and synthetized. The antitumor activity of the compounds was tested on the MG63 OS cell line through the innovative Quantitative Phase Imaging technique and MTT assay. To further investigate the biological profile of active derivatives, cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction were evaluated. An earlier and more consistent arrest in the G2-M phase with respect to Lic-A was observed. Moreover, apoptosis was assessed by Annexin V staining as well as by the detection of typical morphological features of apoptotic cells. Among the selected compounds, 1e, 1q, and 1r proved to be the most promising antitumor molecules. This study pointed out that an integrated methodological approach may constitute a valuable platform for the rapid screening of large series of compounds.
Rossi, Martina; Cappadone, Concettina; Picone, Giovanna; Bisi, Alessandra; Farruggia, Giovanna; Belluti, Federica; Blasi, Paolo; Gobbi, Silvia; Malucelli, Emil
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/888979
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