Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758 (Perciformes, Sparidae)) is an important aquaculture species in the Mediterranean Sea basin. Yet, quantitative data on its dentition under standard farming conditions are currently lacking. Furthermore, it is unknown if the dentition can adapt to food of different sizes. Here, we describe the lower jaw dentition of juvenile S. aurata fed a standard pellet size (4 mm) and present a detailed analysis of 11 representative teeth. Overall, the number of teeth showed large individual variation, but it was not significantly related to fish length. Considerable left–right differences were observed, without clear side dominance. We also assessed the influence of feeding S. aurata a smaller (2 mm) or larger (6 mm) pellet size. Four months of feeding with different pellet sizes did not cause detectable differences in total tooth number on the dentaries at the time of harvest, nor in size of the teeth assumed to be most relevant in food processing. If and how different pellet sizes may nevertheless affect digestion, and eventually fish health, is subject for further studies.

A quantitative analysis of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juvenile dentition as a tool to assess the effect of diet / de Azevedo A.M.; Fontanillas R.; Owen M.A.G.; Busti S.; Parma L.; Bonaldo A.; Witten P.E.; Huysseune A.. - In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 0008-4301. - STAMPA. - 99:7(2021), pp. 548-556. [10.1139/cjz-2020-0284]

A quantitative analysis of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juvenile dentition as a tool to assess the effect of diet

Busti S.;Parma L.;Bonaldo A.;
2021

Abstract

Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758 (Perciformes, Sparidae)) is an important aquaculture species in the Mediterranean Sea basin. Yet, quantitative data on its dentition under standard farming conditions are currently lacking. Furthermore, it is unknown if the dentition can adapt to food of different sizes. Here, we describe the lower jaw dentition of juvenile S. aurata fed a standard pellet size (4 mm) and present a detailed analysis of 11 representative teeth. Overall, the number of teeth showed large individual variation, but it was not significantly related to fish length. Considerable left–right differences were observed, without clear side dominance. We also assessed the influence of feeding S. aurata a smaller (2 mm) or larger (6 mm) pellet size. Four months of feeding with different pellet sizes did not cause detectable differences in total tooth number on the dentaries at the time of harvest, nor in size of the teeth assumed to be most relevant in food processing. If and how different pellet sizes may nevertheless affect digestion, and eventually fish health, is subject for further studies.
2021
A quantitative analysis of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juvenile dentition as a tool to assess the effect of diet / de Azevedo A.M.; Fontanillas R.; Owen M.A.G.; Busti S.; Parma L.; Bonaldo A.; Witten P.E.; Huysseune A.. - In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 0008-4301. - STAMPA. - 99:7(2021), pp. 548-556. [10.1139/cjz-2020-0284]
de Azevedo A.M.; Fontanillas R.; Owen M.A.G.; Busti S.; Parma L.; Bonaldo A.; Witten P.E.; Huysseune A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/871543
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