In this paper, we consider a general challenging distributed optimization setup arising in several important network control applications. Agents of a network want to minimize the sum of local cost functions, each one depending on a local variable, subject to local and coupling constraints, with the latter involving all the decision variables. We propose a novel fully distributed algorithm based on a relaxation of the primal problem and an elegant exploration of duality theory. Despite its complex derivation, based on several duality steps, the distributed algorithm has a very simple and intuitive structure. That is, each node finds a primal-dual optimal solution pair of a local relaxed version of the original problem and then updates suitable auxiliary local variables. We prove that agents asymptotically compute their portion of an optimal (feasible) solution of the original problem. This primal recovery property is obtained without any averaging mechanism typically used in dual decomposition methods. To corroborate the theoretical results, we show how the methodology applies to an instance of a distributed model-predictive control scheme in a microgrid control scenario.

Constraint-Coupled Distributed Optimization: A Relaxation and Duality Approach

Notarnicola I.;Notarstefano G.
2020

Abstract

In this paper, we consider a general challenging distributed optimization setup arising in several important network control applications. Agents of a network want to minimize the sum of local cost functions, each one depending on a local variable, subject to local and coupling constraints, with the latter involving all the decision variables. We propose a novel fully distributed algorithm based on a relaxation of the primal problem and an elegant exploration of duality theory. Despite its complex derivation, based on several duality steps, the distributed algorithm has a very simple and intuitive structure. That is, each node finds a primal-dual optimal solution pair of a local relaxed version of the original problem and then updates suitable auxiliary local variables. We prove that agents asymptotically compute their portion of an optimal (feasible) solution of the original problem. This primal recovery property is obtained without any averaging mechanism typically used in dual decomposition methods. To corroborate the theoretical results, we show how the methodology applies to an instance of a distributed model-predictive control scheme in a microgrid control scenario.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/810616
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