A small library of 3-(5-imidazo[2,1-b]thiazolylmethylene)-2-indolinones has been synthesized and screened according to protocols available at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Some derivatives were potent antiproliferative agents, showing GI 50 values in the nanomolar range. Remarkably, when most active compounds against leukemia cells were tested in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy donors, were 100–200 times less cytotoxic. Some compounds, selected by the Biological Evaluation Committee of NCI, were examined to determine tubulin assembly inhibition. Furthermore, flow cytometric studies performed on HeLa, HT-29, and A549 cells, showed that compounds 14 and 25 caused a block in the G2/M phase. Interestingly, these derivatives induced apoptosis through the mitochondrial death pathway, causing in parallel significant activation of both caspase-3 and -9, PARP cleavage and down-regulation of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Finally, compound 25 was also tested in vivo in the murine BL6-B16 melanoma and E0771 breast cancer cells, causing in both cases a significant reduction in tumor volume.

Synthesis, in vitro and in vivo biological evaluation of substituted 3-(5-imidazo[2,1-b]thiazolylmethylene)-2-indolinones as new potent anticancer agents

Morigi R.
;
Locatelli A.;Leoni A.;Rambaldi M.;
2019

Abstract

A small library of 3-(5-imidazo[2,1-b]thiazolylmethylene)-2-indolinones has been synthesized and screened according to protocols available at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Some derivatives were potent antiproliferative agents, showing GI 50 values in the nanomolar range. Remarkably, when most active compounds against leukemia cells were tested in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy donors, were 100–200 times less cytotoxic. Some compounds, selected by the Biological Evaluation Committee of NCI, were examined to determine tubulin assembly inhibition. Furthermore, flow cytometric studies performed on HeLa, HT-29, and A549 cells, showed that compounds 14 and 25 caused a block in the G2/M phase. Interestingly, these derivatives induced apoptosis through the mitochondrial death pathway, causing in parallel significant activation of both caspase-3 and -9, PARP cleavage and down-regulation of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Finally, compound 25 was also tested in vivo in the murine BL6-B16 melanoma and E0771 breast cancer cells, causing in both cases a significant reduction in tumor volume.
2019
Morigi, R., Locatelli, A., Leoni, A., Rambaldi, M., Bortolozzi, R., Mattiuzzo, E., Ronca, R., Maccarinelli, F., Hamel, E., Bai, R., Brancale, A., Viola, G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
EJMC 166, 2019, 514 530 Post print .pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Postprint
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
Dimensione 1.82 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.82 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/691523
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact