In prion disease, the abnormal conformer of the cellular prion protein, PrP(Sc), deposits in fibrillar protein aggregates in brain and other organs. Limited exposure of PrP(Sc) to proteolytic digestion in vitro generates a core fragment of 19-21 kDa, named PrP27-30, which is also found in vivo. Recent evidence indicates that abnormal truncated fragments other than PrP27-30 may form in prion disease either in vivo or in vitro. We characterized a novel protease-resistant PrP fragment migrating 2-3 kDa faster than PrP27-30 in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) brains. The fragment has a size of about 18.5 kDa when associated with PrP27-30 type 1 (21 kDa) and of 17 kDa when associated with type 2 (19 kDa). Molecular mass and epitope mapping showed that the two fragments share the primary N-terminal sequence with PrP27-30 types 1 and 2, respectively, but lack a few amino acids at the very end of C terminus together with the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor. The amounts of the 18.5- or 17-kDa fragments and the previously described 13-kDa PrP(Sc) C-terminal fragment relatively to the PrP27-30 signal significantly differed among CJD subtypes. Furthermore, protease digestion of PrP(Sc) or PrP27-30 in partially denaturing conditions generated an additional truncated fragment of about 16 kDa only in typical sporadic CJD (i.e. MM1). These results show that the physicochemical heterogeneity of PrP(Sc) in CJD extends to abnormal truncated forms of the protein. The findings support the notion of distinct structural "conformers" of PrP(Sc) and indicate that the characterization of truncated PrP(Sc) forms may further improve molecular typing in CJD.

Characterization of truncated forms of abnormal prion protein in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

CAPELLARI, SABINA;CESCATTI, MAURA;PARCHI, PIERO
2008

Abstract

In prion disease, the abnormal conformer of the cellular prion protein, PrP(Sc), deposits in fibrillar protein aggregates in brain and other organs. Limited exposure of PrP(Sc) to proteolytic digestion in vitro generates a core fragment of 19-21 kDa, named PrP27-30, which is also found in vivo. Recent evidence indicates that abnormal truncated fragments other than PrP27-30 may form in prion disease either in vivo or in vitro. We characterized a novel protease-resistant PrP fragment migrating 2-3 kDa faster than PrP27-30 in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) brains. The fragment has a size of about 18.5 kDa when associated with PrP27-30 type 1 (21 kDa) and of 17 kDa when associated with type 2 (19 kDa). Molecular mass and epitope mapping showed that the two fragments share the primary N-terminal sequence with PrP27-30 types 1 and 2, respectively, but lack a few amino acids at the very end of C terminus together with the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor. The amounts of the 18.5- or 17-kDa fragments and the previously described 13-kDa PrP(Sc) C-terminal fragment relatively to the PrP27-30 signal significantly differed among CJD subtypes. Furthermore, protease digestion of PrP(Sc) or PrP27-30 in partially denaturing conditions generated an additional truncated fragment of about 16 kDa only in typical sporadic CJD (i.e. MM1). These results show that the physicochemical heterogeneity of PrP(Sc) in CJD extends to abnormal truncated forms of the protein. The findings support the notion of distinct structural "conformers" of PrP(Sc) and indicate that the characterization of truncated PrP(Sc) forms may further improve molecular typing in CJD.
Notari S; Strammiello R; Capellari S; Giese A; Cescatti M; Grassi J; Ghetti B; Langeveld JP; Zou WQ; Gambetti P; Kretzschmar HA; Parchi P.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/66083
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 69
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 61
social impact