Background and purpose: In this study we attempt to automatically classify individual patients with different parkinsonian disorders, making use of pattern recognition techniques to distinguish among several forms of parkinsonisms (multi-class classification), based on a set of binary classifiers that discriminate each disorder from all others. Methods: We combine diffusion tensor imaging, proton spectroscopy and morphometric-volumetric data to obtain MR quantitative markers, which are provided to support vector machines with the aim of recognizing the different parkinsonian disorders. Feature selection is used to find the most important features for classification. We also exploit a graph-based technique on the set of quantitative markers to extract additional features from the dataset, and increase classification accuracy. Results: When graph-based features are not used, the MR markers that are most frequently automatically extracted by the feature selection procedure reflect alterations in brain regions that are also usually considered to discriminate parkinsonisms in routine clinical practice. Graph-derived features typically increase the diagnostic accuracy, and reduce the number of features required. Conclusions: The results obtained in the work demonstrate that support vector machines applied to multimodal brain MR imaging and using graph-based features represent a novel and highly accurate approach to discriminate parkinsonisms, and a useful tool to assist the diagnosis.

Multi-class parkinsonian disorders classification with quantitative MR markers and graph-based features using support vector machines

Manners, David Neil;Lanconelli, Nico;Testa, Claudia;Evangelisti, Stefania;TALOZZI, LIA;Gramegna, Laura Ludovica;Bianchini, Claudio;Calandra-Buonaura, Giovanna;Sambati, Luisa;Giannini, Giulia;Cortelli, Pietro;Tonon, Caterina;Lodi, Raffaele
2018

Abstract

Background and purpose: In this study we attempt to automatically classify individual patients with different parkinsonian disorders, making use of pattern recognition techniques to distinguish among several forms of parkinsonisms (multi-class classification), based on a set of binary classifiers that discriminate each disorder from all others. Methods: We combine diffusion tensor imaging, proton spectroscopy and morphometric-volumetric data to obtain MR quantitative markers, which are provided to support vector machines with the aim of recognizing the different parkinsonian disorders. Feature selection is used to find the most important features for classification. We also exploit a graph-based technique on the set of quantitative markers to extract additional features from the dataset, and increase classification accuracy. Results: When graph-based features are not used, the MR markers that are most frequently automatically extracted by the feature selection procedure reflect alterations in brain regions that are also usually considered to discriminate parkinsonisms in routine clinical practice. Graph-derived features typically increase the diagnostic accuracy, and reduce the number of features required. Conclusions: The results obtained in the work demonstrate that support vector machines applied to multimodal brain MR imaging and using graph-based features represent a novel and highly accurate approach to discriminate parkinsonisms, and a useful tool to assist the diagnosis.
Morisi, Rita; Manners, David Neil; Gnecco, Giorgio; Lanconelli, Nico; Testa, Claudia; Evangelisti, Stefania; Talozzi, Lia; Gramegna, Laura Ludovica; Bianchini, Claudio; Calandra-Buonaura, Giovanna; Sambati, Luisa; Giannini, Giulia; Cortelli, Pietro; Tonon, Caterina; Lodi, Raffaele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/623913
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