On-chip L2 cache architectures, well established in high-performance parallel computing systems, are now becoming a performance-critical component also for multi/many-core architectures targeted at lower-power, embedded applications. The very stringent requirements on power and cost of these systems result in one of the key challenges in many-core designs, mandating the deployment of highly efficient L2 caches. In this perspective, sharing the L2 cache layer among all system cores has important advantages, such as increased utilization, fast inter-core communication, and reduced aggregate footprint because no undesired replication of lines occurs. This paper presents a novel architecture for a shared L2 cache system with multi-port and multi-bank features. We target this L2 cache to a many-core platform based on hierarchical cluster structure that does not employ private data caches, and therefore does not require complex coherency mechanisms. In fact, our shared L2 cache can be seen logically as a Last Level Cache (LLC) adopting the terminology of higher-performance many-core products, although in these latter the LLC is more often an L3 layer. Our experimental results show a maximum aggregate bandwidth of 28GB/s (89% of the maximum channel capacity) for 100% hit traffic with random banking conflicts, as a realistic case. Physical implementation results in 28nm Fully-Depleted-Silicon-on-Insulator (FDSoI) show that our L2 cache can operate at up to 1GHz with a memory density loss of only 20% with respect to an L2 scratchpad for a 2 MB configuration.

A multi banked - Multi ported - Non blocking shared L2 cache for MPSoC platforms / Loi, Igor; Benini, Luca. - STAMPA. - (2014), pp. 6800294.1-6800294.6. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE 2014 tenutosi a Dresden, deu nel 2014) [10.7873/DATE2014.093].

A multi banked - Multi ported - Non blocking shared L2 cache for MPSoC platforms

LOI, IGOR;BENINI, LUCA
2014

Abstract

On-chip L2 cache architectures, well established in high-performance parallel computing systems, are now becoming a performance-critical component also for multi/many-core architectures targeted at lower-power, embedded applications. The very stringent requirements on power and cost of these systems result in one of the key challenges in many-core designs, mandating the deployment of highly efficient L2 caches. In this perspective, sharing the L2 cache layer among all system cores has important advantages, such as increased utilization, fast inter-core communication, and reduced aggregate footprint because no undesired replication of lines occurs. This paper presents a novel architecture for a shared L2 cache system with multi-port and multi-bank features. We target this L2 cache to a many-core platform based on hierarchical cluster structure that does not employ private data caches, and therefore does not require complex coherency mechanisms. In fact, our shared L2 cache can be seen logically as a Last Level Cache (LLC) adopting the terminology of higher-performance many-core products, although in these latter the LLC is more often an L3 layer. Our experimental results show a maximum aggregate bandwidth of 28GB/s (89% of the maximum channel capacity) for 100% hit traffic with random banking conflicts, as a realistic case. Physical implementation results in 28nm Fully-Depleted-Silicon-on-Insulator (FDSoI) show that our L2 cache can operate at up to 1GHz with a memory density loss of only 20% with respect to an L2 scratchpad for a 2 MB configuration.
2014
Proceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE
1
6
A multi banked - Multi ported - Non blocking shared L2 cache for MPSoC platforms / Loi, Igor; Benini, Luca. - STAMPA. - (2014), pp. 6800294.1-6800294.6. (Intervento presentato al convegno 17th Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE 2014 tenutosi a Dresden, deu nel 2014) [10.7873/DATE2014.093].
Loi, Igor; Benini, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/525115
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