Freezing technique is a very usefulmethod for food preservation, although it sometimes produces damages in the product. The distribution of temperatures of rawpotatowasmeasured during the freezing operation by using an infrared thermographic camera Thermal Imager Optris PI160. Moreover, volume, moisture and water activity were measured before and after the freezing process. Cryo-SEM was also used to analyze the microstructure of fresh, frozen and thawed potato. The dielectric spectra of potato samples were measured before freezing and after defreeze, using an Agilent 85070E Open-ended Coaxial Probe connected to a network analyzer Agilent E8362B in the frequency range from 500 MHz to 20 GHz. The aim of this work was to monitor the temperature of potato surface during the freezing operation and to determine the water chemical potential and the structural changes of potato during this process, in order to determine the water motion throughout the freezing. The results showed important relations between the heat flux, water chemical potential gradients and structural changes. The paper demonstrated that infrared thermography and dielectric properties can be considered very important nondestructive tools for monitoring the freezing process of potato. Industrial relevance: The results of this research article are demonstrated to be useful for describing the freezing process of raw potato. Thus, the industrial relevance is clear because two nondestructive techniques have been used for this purpose: infrared thermography and dielectric properties. On the other hand, a microstructural study of fresh, frozen and thawed potato has been made. For all these reasons we are sending to this journal “Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies” our results.

Application of infrared thermography and dielectric spectroscopy for controlling freezing process of raw potato

CUIBUS, LUCIAN;CASTRO GIRALDEZ, MARTA;FABBRI, ANGELO
2014

Abstract

Freezing technique is a very usefulmethod for food preservation, although it sometimes produces damages in the product. The distribution of temperatures of rawpotatowasmeasured during the freezing operation by using an infrared thermographic camera Thermal Imager Optris PI160. Moreover, volume, moisture and water activity were measured before and after the freezing process. Cryo-SEM was also used to analyze the microstructure of fresh, frozen and thawed potato. The dielectric spectra of potato samples were measured before freezing and after defreeze, using an Agilent 85070E Open-ended Coaxial Probe connected to a network analyzer Agilent E8362B in the frequency range from 500 MHz to 20 GHz. The aim of this work was to monitor the temperature of potato surface during the freezing operation and to determine the water chemical potential and the structural changes of potato during this process, in order to determine the water motion throughout the freezing. The results showed important relations between the heat flux, water chemical potential gradients and structural changes. The paper demonstrated that infrared thermography and dielectric properties can be considered very important nondestructive tools for monitoring the freezing process of potato. Industrial relevance: The results of this research article are demonstrated to be useful for describing the freezing process of raw potato. Thus, the industrial relevance is clear because two nondestructive techniques have been used for this purpose: infrared thermography and dielectric properties. On the other hand, a microstructural study of fresh, frozen and thawed potato has been made. For all these reasons we are sending to this journal “Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies” our results.
INNOVATIVE FOOD SCIENCE & EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
Cuibus, L.; Castro-Giraldez, M.; Fito, P.J.; Fabbri, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/518205
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