Oxidative stress is a common feature of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's diseases (AD) and Parkinson's diseases (PD), causing the dysfunction or death of neuronal cells. Epidemiological evidence suggest that dietary antioxidants may act as disease-modifying neuroprotective compounds. Sulphoraphane (SUL), an isothiocyanate naturally found in Cruciferous vegetables, is a potent chemopreventive agent with a wide array of biological activities. In our experiments, SUL was found to protect human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells from damage induced by 6-OHDA, a Parkinson specific neurotoxin. Pre-treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with SUL showed a significant concentration-dependent inhibition of apoptotic events, such as mitochondrial activity loss, translocation of phosphatidyl serine and DNA fragmentation increase . These neuroprotective effects were maintained for 24 h after the removal of SUL. Treated cells showed a significant increase of antioxidant activity of cytosolic fraction, glutathione levels and of other antioxidant enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione reductase and NADPH-quinone reductase). Results also demonstrated that treatment of neurons with SUL after 6-OHDA treatment showed a significant decrease of apoptosis. SUL neuroprotective effects were mediated by activation (phosphorylation) of ERK 1/2 and Akt kinase. Results encourage further research in PD animal models to explore the potential profile of SUL as novel neuroprotective agent.

Sulforaphane counteracts oxidative stress induced apoptosis in human neuronal cells

HRELIA, PATRIZIA;TAROZZI, ANDREA;MORRONI, FABIANA;MERLICCO, ADRIANA;ANGELONI, CRISTINA;HRELIA, SILVANA;CANTELLI FORTI, GIORGIO
2007

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a common feature of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's diseases (AD) and Parkinson's diseases (PD), causing the dysfunction or death of neuronal cells. Epidemiological evidence suggest that dietary antioxidants may act as disease-modifying neuroprotective compounds. Sulphoraphane (SUL), an isothiocyanate naturally found in Cruciferous vegetables, is a potent chemopreventive agent with a wide array of biological activities. In our experiments, SUL was found to protect human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells from damage induced by 6-OHDA, a Parkinson specific neurotoxin. Pre-treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with SUL showed a significant concentration-dependent inhibition of apoptotic events, such as mitochondrial activity loss, translocation of phosphatidyl serine and DNA fragmentation increase . These neuroprotective effects were maintained for 24 h after the removal of SUL. Treated cells showed a significant increase of antioxidant activity of cytosolic fraction, glutathione levels and of other antioxidant enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione reductase and NADPH-quinone reductase). Results also demonstrated that treatment of neurons with SUL after 6-OHDA treatment showed a significant decrease of apoptosis. SUL neuroprotective effects were mediated by activation (phosphorylation) of ERK 1/2 and Akt kinase. Results encourage further research in PD animal models to explore the potential profile of SUL as novel neuroprotective agent.
2007
Proceedings of the International Congress of Toxicology
181
181
P. HRELIA; A. TAROZZI; F. MORRONI; A. MERLICCO; C. ANGELONI; S. HRELIA; G. CANTELLI FORTI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/50096
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