INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to compare the detection rate of anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT in comparison with 11C-choline PET/CT in the evaluation of disease recurrence of PCa after radical prostatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients with biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy were submitted to anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT and 11C-choline PET/CT to evaluate the site of disease recurrence. Androgen deprivation therapy was avoided in all cases. The primary end point was the overall detection rate of the 2 radiotracers. A patient-based analysis and a lesion-based analysis was performed. The target to background ratio (TBR) of each lesion was reported. RESULTS: At the time of PET scan, mean age was 67 years and mean prostate specific antigen (PSA) relapse was 2.9 ng/mL (range: 0.2-14.6). In patient-based analyses, 11C-choline PET/CT was positive in 5 patients and negative in 23 (detection rate = 17.8%) and anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT was positive in 10 patients and negative in 18 (detection rate = 35.7%). All lesions that were positive using 11C-choline were positive using anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT but with the latter radiotracer, 11 (61.1%) additional tumors were identified including 5 (17.8%) additional patients. The TBR of anti-3-18F-FACBC was greater than 11C-choline in 15 of 18 lesions, confirming a better image quality and contrast. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study demonstrated that the detection rate of anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT is greater in comparison with 11C-choline, with approximately 20% of additional patients and approximately 60% additional lesions detected. Further studies, however, are required to assess the exact added value of this new tracer.

18F-FACBC Compared With 11C-Choline PET/CT in Patients With Biochemical Relapse After Radical Prostatectomy: A Prospective Study in 28 Patients.

SCHIAVINA, RICCARDO;BRUNOCILLA, EUGENIO;BORGHESI, MARCO;AMBROSINI, VALENTINA;ZANONI, LUCIA;GENTILE, GIORGIO;VAGNONI, VALERIO;ROMAGNOLI, DANIELE;MARTORANA, GIUSEPPE;FANTI, STEFANO
2014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to compare the detection rate of anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT in comparison with 11C-choline PET/CT in the evaluation of disease recurrence of PCa after radical prostatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients with biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy were submitted to anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT and 11C-choline PET/CT to evaluate the site of disease recurrence. Androgen deprivation therapy was avoided in all cases. The primary end point was the overall detection rate of the 2 radiotracers. A patient-based analysis and a lesion-based analysis was performed. The target to background ratio (TBR) of each lesion was reported. RESULTS: At the time of PET scan, mean age was 67 years and mean prostate specific antigen (PSA) relapse was 2.9 ng/mL (range: 0.2-14.6). In patient-based analyses, 11C-choline PET/CT was positive in 5 patients and negative in 23 (detection rate = 17.8%) and anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT was positive in 10 patients and negative in 18 (detection rate = 35.7%). All lesions that were positive using 11C-choline were positive using anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT but with the latter radiotracer, 11 (61.1%) additional tumors were identified including 5 (17.8%) additional patients. The TBR of anti-3-18F-FACBC was greater than 11C-choline in 15 of 18 lesions, confirming a better image quality and contrast. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study demonstrated that the detection rate of anti-3-18F-FACBC PET/CT is greater in comparison with 11C-choline, with approximately 20% of additional patients and approximately 60% additional lesions detected. Further studies, however, are required to assess the exact added value of this new tracer.
Nanni C;Schiavina R; Brunocilla E.;Borghesi M;Ambrosini V;Zanoni L;Gentile G;Vagnoni V;Romagnoli D;Martorana G;Fanti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/257806
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