Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A) binds single stranded DNA (ssDNA) and stimulates cell transcription. Binding is prevented by NADH, suggesting that the coenzyme site is involved in the interaction LDHA/ ssDNA. We recently identified an inhibitor of LDH-A enzymatic activity (Galloflavin, GF) which occupies the NADH site. In the experiments reported here we studied whether GF can also hinder the binding of LDH-A to ssDNA and investigated its effects on RNA synthesis in cultured cells. Using a filter binding assay we observed that 4 uM GF inhibited the binding of human LDH-A to a single stranded [3H]DNA sample by 50%. After only 0.5–1 h, 50–100 uM GF inhibited RNA synthesis in SW620 cells maintained in a medium in which galactose substituted glucose. In these culture conditions, SW620 cells did not produce lactic acid and effects caused by the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of LDH-A could be excluded. Novel LDH-A inhibitors which hinder aerobic glycolysis of cancer cells are at present actively searched. Our results suggest that: (i) inhibitors which bind the NADH site can exert their antiproliferative activity not only by blocking aerobic glycolysis but also by causing an inhibition of RNA synthesis independent from the effect on glycolysis; (ii) GF can be a useful tool to study the biological role of LDH-A binding to ssDNA.

Galloflavin prevents the binding of lactate dehydrogenase A to single stranded DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis in cultured cells.

FIUME, LUIGI;VETTRAINO, MARINA ELEONORA;CARNICELLI, DOMENICA;ARFILLI, VALENTINA;DI STEFANO, GIUSEPPINA;BRIGOTTI, MAURIZIO
2013

Abstract

Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A) binds single stranded DNA (ssDNA) and stimulates cell transcription. Binding is prevented by NADH, suggesting that the coenzyme site is involved in the interaction LDHA/ ssDNA. We recently identified an inhibitor of LDH-A enzymatic activity (Galloflavin, GF) which occupies the NADH site. In the experiments reported here we studied whether GF can also hinder the binding of LDH-A to ssDNA and investigated its effects on RNA synthesis in cultured cells. Using a filter binding assay we observed that 4 uM GF inhibited the binding of human LDH-A to a single stranded [3H]DNA sample by 50%. After only 0.5–1 h, 50–100 uM GF inhibited RNA synthesis in SW620 cells maintained in a medium in which galactose substituted glucose. In these culture conditions, SW620 cells did not produce lactic acid and effects caused by the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of LDH-A could be excluded. Novel LDH-A inhibitors which hinder aerobic glycolysis of cancer cells are at present actively searched. Our results suggest that: (i) inhibitors which bind the NADH site can exert their antiproliferative activity not only by blocking aerobic glycolysis but also by causing an inhibition of RNA synthesis independent from the effect on glycolysis; (ii) GF can be a useful tool to study the biological role of LDH-A binding to ssDNA.
Fiume L.; Vettraino M.; Carnicelli D.; Arfilli V.; Di Stefano G.; Brigotti M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/133231
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