Recent discussion surrounding organic agriculture (also referred to as organic farming) has turned from just whether it represents a viable alternative to conventional agriculture to whether it would be adopted by a significant percentage of farmers. After a beginning phase in which the adoption was mainly due to an ethically based choice of the farmer, the success in the market and the increasing demand for organic products are increasing the number of farmers converting their farming system. Despite a still high relevance of non-economic factors and the uncertainty given by short-term and mid-term fluctuations of prices, a decisive point is whether the conversion to organic farming may be worthwhile from an economic perspective. The question remains as to how many farmers would convert to organic farming systems. The aim of the paper is to compare the actual and potential profitability of farms using organic production methods to those farms using conventional production methods. The analysis will be based on several datasets, provided on the Italian side by Emilia-Romagna Region, Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics (INEA), Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat), and on the US side by the Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota.

A Comparative Profitability Analysis of Organic and Conventional Farms in Emilia-Romagna and in Minnesota

CANAVARI, MAURIZIO;GHELFI, RINO;RIVAROLI, SERGIO
2004

Abstract

Recent discussion surrounding organic agriculture (also referred to as organic farming) has turned from just whether it represents a viable alternative to conventional agriculture to whether it would be adopted by a significant percentage of farmers. After a beginning phase in which the adoption was mainly due to an ethically based choice of the farmer, the success in the market and the increasing demand for organic products are increasing the number of farmers converting their farming system. Despite a still high relevance of non-economic factors and the uncertainty given by short-term and mid-term fluctuations of prices, a decisive point is whether the conversion to organic farming may be worthwhile from an economic perspective. The question remains as to how many farmers would convert to organic farming systems. The aim of the paper is to compare the actual and potential profitability of farms using organic production methods to those farms using conventional production methods. The analysis will be based on several datasets, provided on the Italian side by Emilia-Romagna Region, Italian National Institute of Agricultural Economics (INEA), Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat), and on the US side by the Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota.
9th Joint Conference on Food, Agriculture and the Environment
Canavari M.; Ghelfi R.; Olson K.; Rivaroli S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/12151
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