Recently, covalent drugs have attracted great interest in the drug discovery community, with successful examples that have demonstrated their therapeutic effects. Here, we focus on the covalent inhibition of the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which is a promising strategy in the treatment of pain and inflammation. Among the most recent and potent FAAH inhibitors (FAAHi), there are the cyclic piperidine and piperazine aryl ureas. FAAH hydrolyzes efficiently the amide bond of these compounds, forming a covalent enzymeinhibitor adduct. To rationalize this experimental evidence, we performed an extensive computational analysis centered on piperidine-based PF750 (1) and piperazine-based JNJ1661010 (2), two potent lead compounds used to generate covalent inhibitors as clinical candidates. We found that FAAH induces a distortion of the amide bond of the piperidine and piperazine aryl ureas. Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics ΔELUMOHOMO energies indicate that the observed enzymeinduced distortion of the amide bond favors the formation of a covalent FAAHinhibitor adduct. These findings could help in the rational structure-based design of novel covalent FAAHi.

Covalent Inhibitors of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase: A Rationale for the Activity of Piperidine and Piperazine Aryl Ureas

MASETTI, MATTEO;CAVALLI, ANDREA;
2011

Abstract

Recently, covalent drugs have attracted great interest in the drug discovery community, with successful examples that have demonstrated their therapeutic effects. Here, we focus on the covalent inhibition of the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which is a promising strategy in the treatment of pain and inflammation. Among the most recent and potent FAAH inhibitors (FAAHi), there are the cyclic piperidine and piperazine aryl ureas. FAAH hydrolyzes efficiently the amide bond of these compounds, forming a covalent enzymeinhibitor adduct. To rationalize this experimental evidence, we performed an extensive computational analysis centered on piperidine-based PF750 (1) and piperazine-based JNJ1661010 (2), two potent lead compounds used to generate covalent inhibitors as clinical candidates. We found that FAAH induces a distortion of the amide bond of the piperidine and piperazine aryl ureas. Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics ΔELUMOHOMO energies indicate that the observed enzymeinduced distortion of the amide bond favors the formation of a covalent FAAHinhibitor adduct. These findings could help in the rational structure-based design of novel covalent FAAHi.
Palermo G.; Branduardi D.; Masetti M.; Lodola A.; Mor M.; Piomelli D.; Cavalli A.; De Vivo M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/106972
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