Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4 and CDK6) inhibitors have changed the therapeutic management of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (mBC) by targeting the cell cycle machinery and overcoming endocrine resistance. However, a large number of patients present disease progression due to cancer cells resisting CDK4/6 inhibitors. Our research considers which clinicopathological characteristics could be useful in identifying patients who might respond to CDK4/6 inhibitors by analyzing a retrospective case series of patients with HR+ mBC who were treated with hormone therapy plus CDK4/6 inhibitors. Methods: Approximately 177 mBC patients were enrolled, of whom 66 were treated with CD4/6 inhibitors plus letrozole and 111 were treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors and fulvestrant. A multistate model was used. Results: A low body surface area and older age were associated with an increased risk of developing neutropenia. A high Ki67 index, the presence of visceral metastases, and not having previously undergone adjuvant chemotherapy were prognostic factors of disease progression/death. As expected, some of the neutropenic patients who had previously undergone multiple lines of treatment were at a higher risk of disease progression/death. Furthermore, neutropenia status was associated with a more than doubled risk of progression/death compared to patients without neutropenia (HR = 2.311; p = 0.025). Conclusions: Having identified certain factors that could be associated with the development of neutropenia and considering that neutropenia itself is associated with an increased risk of progression, we believe that the baseline characteristics should be taken into account to reduce cases of neutropenia and disease progression.

Roberta Maltoni, Andrea Roncadori, William Balzi, Massimiliano Mazza, Fabio Nicolini, Michela Palleschi, et al. (2024). An Italian Real-World Study Highlights the Importance of Some Clinicopathological Characteristics Useful in Identifying Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Resistant to CDK4/6 Inhibitors and Hormone Therapy. BIOMEDICINES, 12(3), 1-11 [10.3390/biomedicines12030498].

An Italian Real-World Study Highlights the Importance of Some Clinicopathological Characteristics Useful in Identifying Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Resistant to CDK4/6 Inhibitors and Hormone Therapy

Andrea Roncadori;Michela Palleschi;Paola Ulivi;Sara Bravaccini
2024

Abstract

Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4 and CDK6) inhibitors have changed the therapeutic management of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (mBC) by targeting the cell cycle machinery and overcoming endocrine resistance. However, a large number of patients present disease progression due to cancer cells resisting CDK4/6 inhibitors. Our research considers which clinicopathological characteristics could be useful in identifying patients who might respond to CDK4/6 inhibitors by analyzing a retrospective case series of patients with HR+ mBC who were treated with hormone therapy plus CDK4/6 inhibitors. Methods: Approximately 177 mBC patients were enrolled, of whom 66 were treated with CD4/6 inhibitors plus letrozole and 111 were treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors and fulvestrant. A multistate model was used. Results: A low body surface area and older age were associated with an increased risk of developing neutropenia. A high Ki67 index, the presence of visceral metastases, and not having previously undergone adjuvant chemotherapy were prognostic factors of disease progression/death. As expected, some of the neutropenic patients who had previously undergone multiple lines of treatment were at a higher risk of disease progression/death. Furthermore, neutropenia status was associated with a more than doubled risk of progression/death compared to patients without neutropenia (HR = 2.311; p = 0.025). Conclusions: Having identified certain factors that could be associated with the development of neutropenia and considering that neutropenia itself is associated with an increased risk of progression, we believe that the baseline characteristics should be taken into account to reduce cases of neutropenia and disease progression.
2024
Roberta Maltoni, Andrea Roncadori, William Balzi, Massimiliano Mazza, Fabio Nicolini, Michela Palleschi, et al. (2024). An Italian Real-World Study Highlights the Importance of Some Clinicopathological Characteristics Useful in Identifying Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Resistant to CDK4/6 Inhibitors and Hormone Therapy. BIOMEDICINES, 12(3), 1-11 [10.3390/biomedicines12030498].
Roberta Maltoni; Andrea Roncadori; William Balzi; Massimiliano Mazza; Fabio Nicolini; Michela Palleschi; Paola Ulivi; Sara Bravaccini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/965588
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