Background: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) by Gram-negative pathogens play a major role in intensive care patients, both in terms of prevalence and severity, especially if multi-drug resistant pathogens are involved. Early appropriate antibiotic therapy is therefore a cornerstone in the management of these patients, and growing evidence shows that implementation of a multidisciplinary team may improve patients' outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological impact of the application of a multidisciplinary team on critically ill patients. Methods: Pre-post study enrolling critically ill patients with Gram negative bloodstream infection in intensive care unit. In the pre-intervention phase (from January until December 2018) patients were managed with infectious disease consultation on demand, in the post-intervention phase (from January until December 2022) patients were managed with a daily evaluation by a multidisciplinary team composed of intensivist, infectious disease physician, clinical pharmacologist and microbiologist. Results: Overall, 135 patients were enrolled during the study period, of them 67 (49.6%) in the pre-intervention phase and 68 (50.4%) in the post-intervention phase. Median age was 67 (58-75) years, sex male was 31.9%. Septic shock, the need for continuous renal replacement therapy and mechanical ventilation at BSI onset were similar in both groups, no difference of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) prevalence was observed. In the post-phase, empirical administration of carbapenems decreased significantly (40.3% vs. 62.7%, p = 0.02) with an increase of appropriate empirical therapy (86.9% vs. 55.2%, p < 0.001) and a decrease of overall antibiotic treatment (12 vs. 16 days, p < 0.001). Despite no differences in delta SOFA and all-cause 30-day mortality, a significant decrease in microbiological failure (10.3% vs. 29.9%, p = 0.005) and a new-onset 30-day MDRO colonization (8.3% vs. 36.6%, p < 0.001) in the post-phase was reported. At multivariable analysis adjusted for main covariates, the institution of a multidisciplinary management team (MMT) was found to be protective both for new MDRO colonization [OR 0.17, 95%CI(0.05-0.67)] and microbiological failure [OR 0.37, 95%CI (0.14-0.98)]. Conclusions: The institution of a MMT allowed for an optimization of antimicrobial treatments, reflecting to a significant decrease in new MDRO colonization and microbiological failure among critically ill patients.

Rinaldi, M., Gatti, M., Tonetti, T., Nocera, D., Ambretti, S., Berlingeri, A., et al. (2024). Impact of a multidisciplinary management team on clinical outcome in ICU patients affected by Gram-negative bloodstream infections: a pre-post quasi-experimental study. ANNALS OF INTENSIVE CARE, 14(1), 1-10 [10.1186/s13613-024-01271-9].

Impact of a multidisciplinary management team on clinical outcome in ICU patients affected by Gram-negative bloodstream infections: a pre-post quasi-experimental study

Rinaldi, Matteo;Gatti, Milo;Tonetti, Tommaso
;
Nocera, Domenico;Ambretti, Simone;Nigrisoli, Giacomo;Pea, Federico;Viale, Pierluigi;Giannella, Maddalena
2024

Abstract

Background: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) by Gram-negative pathogens play a major role in intensive care patients, both in terms of prevalence and severity, especially if multi-drug resistant pathogens are involved. Early appropriate antibiotic therapy is therefore a cornerstone in the management of these patients, and growing evidence shows that implementation of a multidisciplinary team may improve patients' outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological impact of the application of a multidisciplinary team on critically ill patients. Methods: Pre-post study enrolling critically ill patients with Gram negative bloodstream infection in intensive care unit. In the pre-intervention phase (from January until December 2018) patients were managed with infectious disease consultation on demand, in the post-intervention phase (from January until December 2022) patients were managed with a daily evaluation by a multidisciplinary team composed of intensivist, infectious disease physician, clinical pharmacologist and microbiologist. Results: Overall, 135 patients were enrolled during the study period, of them 67 (49.6%) in the pre-intervention phase and 68 (50.4%) in the post-intervention phase. Median age was 67 (58-75) years, sex male was 31.9%. Septic shock, the need for continuous renal replacement therapy and mechanical ventilation at BSI onset were similar in both groups, no difference of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) prevalence was observed. In the post-phase, empirical administration of carbapenems decreased significantly (40.3% vs. 62.7%, p = 0.02) with an increase of appropriate empirical therapy (86.9% vs. 55.2%, p < 0.001) and a decrease of overall antibiotic treatment (12 vs. 16 days, p < 0.001). Despite no differences in delta SOFA and all-cause 30-day mortality, a significant decrease in microbiological failure (10.3% vs. 29.9%, p = 0.005) and a new-onset 30-day MDRO colonization (8.3% vs. 36.6%, p < 0.001) in the post-phase was reported. At multivariable analysis adjusted for main covariates, the institution of a multidisciplinary management team (MMT) was found to be protective both for new MDRO colonization [OR 0.17, 95%CI(0.05-0.67)] and microbiological failure [OR 0.37, 95%CI (0.14-0.98)]. Conclusions: The institution of a MMT allowed for an optimization of antimicrobial treatments, reflecting to a significant decrease in new MDRO colonization and microbiological failure among critically ill patients.
2024
Rinaldi, M., Gatti, M., Tonetti, T., Nocera, D., Ambretti, S., Berlingeri, A., et al. (2024). Impact of a multidisciplinary management team on clinical outcome in ICU patients affected by Gram-negative bloodstream infections: a pre-post quasi-experimental study. ANNALS OF INTENSIVE CARE, 14(1), 1-10 [10.1186/s13613-024-01271-9].
Rinaldi, Matteo; Gatti, Milo; Tonetti, Tommaso; Nocera, Domenico; Ambretti, Simone; Berlingeri, Andrea; Nigrisoli, Giacomo; Pierucci, Elisabetta; Sini...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/965561
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