Purpose: We aim to propose a visual quantitative score for muscle edema in lower limb MRI to contribute to the diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 85 consecutive patients (mean age 57.4 ± 13.9 years; 56.5% female) with suspected IIM (muscle weakness and/or persistent hyper-CPK-emia with/without myalgia) who underwent MRI of lower limbs using T2-weighted fast recovery-fast spin echo images and fat-sat T2 echo planar images. Muscle inflammation was evaluated bilaterally in 11 muscles of the thigh and eight muscles of the leg. Edema in each muscle was graded according to a four-point Likert-type scale adding up to 114 points ([11 + 8)] × 3 × 2). Diagnostic accuracy of the total edema score was explored by assessing sensitivity and specificity using the area under the ROC curve. Final diagnoses were made by a multidisciplinary Expert Consensus Panel applying the Bohan and Peter diagnostic criteria whenever possible. Results: Of the 85 included patients, 34 (40%) received a final diagnosis of IIM (IIM group) while 51 (60%) received an alternative diagnosis (non-IIM group). A cutoff score ≥ 18 was able to correctly classify patients having an IIM with an area under the curve of 0.85, specificity of 96%, and sensitivity of 52.9%. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that a quantitative MRI score for muscle edema in the lower limbs (thighs and legs) aids in distinguishing IIM from conditions that mimic it.

Gramegna L.L., Rinaldi R., Belotti L.M.B., Vignatelli L., Sighinolfi G., Papa V., et al. (In stampa/Attività in corso). Magnetic resonance imaging scoring system of the lower limbs in adult patients with suspected idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, xx(xx), 1-10 [10.1007/s10072-024-07386-y].

Magnetic resonance imaging scoring system of the lower limbs in adult patients with suspected idiopathic inflammatory myopathy

Gramegna L. L.;Belotti L. M. B.;Sighinolfi G.;Papa V.;Costa R.;Bianchini C.;Cirignotta L.;Manners D. N.;Tonon C.;Cenacchi G.;Lodi R.
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Purpose: We aim to propose a visual quantitative score for muscle edema in lower limb MRI to contribute to the diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 85 consecutive patients (mean age 57.4 ± 13.9 years; 56.5% female) with suspected IIM (muscle weakness and/or persistent hyper-CPK-emia with/without myalgia) who underwent MRI of lower limbs using T2-weighted fast recovery-fast spin echo images and fat-sat T2 echo planar images. Muscle inflammation was evaluated bilaterally in 11 muscles of the thigh and eight muscles of the leg. Edema in each muscle was graded according to a four-point Likert-type scale adding up to 114 points ([11 + 8)] × 3 × 2). Diagnostic accuracy of the total edema score was explored by assessing sensitivity and specificity using the area under the ROC curve. Final diagnoses were made by a multidisciplinary Expert Consensus Panel applying the Bohan and Peter diagnostic criteria whenever possible. Results: Of the 85 included patients, 34 (40%) received a final diagnosis of IIM (IIM group) while 51 (60%) received an alternative diagnosis (non-IIM group). A cutoff score ≥ 18 was able to correctly classify patients having an IIM with an area under the curve of 0.85, specificity of 96%, and sensitivity of 52.9%. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that a quantitative MRI score for muscle edema in the lower limbs (thighs and legs) aids in distinguishing IIM from conditions that mimic it.
In corso di stampa
Gramegna L.L., Rinaldi R., Belotti L.M.B., Vignatelli L., Sighinolfi G., Papa V., et al. (In stampa/Attività in corso). Magnetic resonance imaging scoring system of the lower limbs in adult patients with suspected idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, xx(xx), 1-10 [10.1007/s10072-024-07386-y].
Gramegna L.L.; Rinaldi R.; Belotti L.M.B.; Vignatelli L.; Sighinolfi G.; Papa V.; Costa R.; D'Angelo R.; Bianchini C.; Graziano C.; Cirignotta L.; Mul...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/963293
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