Piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) is administered intravenously in a fixed ratio (8:1) with the potential for inadequate tazobactam exposure to ensure piperacillin activity against Enterobacterales. Adult patients receiving continuous infusion (CI) of TZP and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of both agents were evaluated. Demographic variables and other pertinent laboratory data were collected retrospectively. A population pharmacokinetic approach was used to select the best kidney function model predictive of TZP clearance (CL). The probability of target attainment (PTA), cumulative fraction of response (CFR) and the ratio between piperacillin and tazobactam were computed to identify optimal dosage regimens by continuous infusion across kidney function. This study included 257 critically ill patients (79.3% male) with intra-abdominal, bloodstream, and hospital-acquired pneumonia infections in 89.5% as the primary indication. The median (min-max range) age, body weight, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were 66 (23-93) years, 75 (39-310) kg, and 79.2 (6.4-234) mL/min, respectively. Doses of up to 22.5 g/day were used to optimize TZP based on TDM. The 2021 chronic kidney disease epidemiology equation in mL/min best modeled TZP CL. The ratio of piperacillin:tazobactam increased from 6:1 to 10:1 between an eGFR of <20 mL/min and >120 mL/min. At conventional doses, the PTA is below 90% when eGFR is ≥100 mL/min. Daily doses of 18 g/day and 22.5 g/day by CI are expected to achieve a >80% CFR when eGFR is 100-120 mL/min and >120-160 mL/min, respectively. Inadequate piperacillin and tazobactam exposure is likely in patients with eGFR ≥ 100 mL/min. Dose regimen adjustments informed by TDM should be evaluated in this specific population.

Balancing the scales: achieving the optimal beta-lactam to beta-lactamase inhibitor ratio with continuous infusion piperacillin/tazobactam against extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacterales / Cojutti, Pier Giorgio; Pai, Manjunath P.; Tonetti, Tommaso; Siniscalchi, Antonio; Viale, Pierluigi; Pea, Federico. - In: ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0066-4804. - ELETTRONICO. - 68:4(2024), pp. e01404-23.1-e01404-23.11. [10.1128/aac.01404-23]

Balancing the scales: achieving the optimal beta-lactam to beta-lactamase inhibitor ratio with continuous infusion piperacillin/tazobactam against extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacterales

Cojutti, Pier Giorgio;Tonetti, Tommaso;Viale, Pierluigi;Pea, Federico
2024

Abstract

Piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) is administered intravenously in a fixed ratio (8:1) with the potential for inadequate tazobactam exposure to ensure piperacillin activity against Enterobacterales. Adult patients receiving continuous infusion (CI) of TZP and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of both agents were evaluated. Demographic variables and other pertinent laboratory data were collected retrospectively. A population pharmacokinetic approach was used to select the best kidney function model predictive of TZP clearance (CL). The probability of target attainment (PTA), cumulative fraction of response (CFR) and the ratio between piperacillin and tazobactam were computed to identify optimal dosage regimens by continuous infusion across kidney function. This study included 257 critically ill patients (79.3% male) with intra-abdominal, bloodstream, and hospital-acquired pneumonia infections in 89.5% as the primary indication. The median (min-max range) age, body weight, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were 66 (23-93) years, 75 (39-310) kg, and 79.2 (6.4-234) mL/min, respectively. Doses of up to 22.5 g/day were used to optimize TZP based on TDM. The 2021 chronic kidney disease epidemiology equation in mL/min best modeled TZP CL. The ratio of piperacillin:tazobactam increased from 6:1 to 10:1 between an eGFR of <20 mL/min and >120 mL/min. At conventional doses, the PTA is below 90% when eGFR is ≥100 mL/min. Daily doses of 18 g/day and 22.5 g/day by CI are expected to achieve a >80% CFR when eGFR is 100-120 mL/min and >120-160 mL/min, respectively. Inadequate piperacillin and tazobactam exposure is likely in patients with eGFR ≥ 100 mL/min. Dose regimen adjustments informed by TDM should be evaluated in this specific population.
2024
Balancing the scales: achieving the optimal beta-lactam to beta-lactamase inhibitor ratio with continuous infusion piperacillin/tazobactam against extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacterales / Cojutti, Pier Giorgio; Pai, Manjunath P.; Tonetti, Tommaso; Siniscalchi, Antonio; Viale, Pierluigi; Pea, Federico. - In: ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0066-4804. - ELETTRONICO. - 68:4(2024), pp. e01404-23.1-e01404-23.11. [10.1128/aac.01404-23]
Cojutti, Pier Giorgio; Pai, Manjunath P.; Tonetti, Tommaso; Siniscalchi, Antonio; Viale, Pierluigi; Pea, Federico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/963016
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