The investigation of the feedback cycle in galaxy clusters has historically been performed for systems where feedback is ongoing ("mature-feedback" clusters), that is where the central radio galaxy has inflated radio lobes, pushing aside the intracluster medium (ICM). In this pilot study we present results from "pre-feedback" clusters, where the central newly active radio galaxies (age $<10^{3}$ yr) may not yet have had time to alter the thermodynamic state of the ICM. We analyze $Chandra$ and MUSE observations of two such systems, evaluating the hot gas entropy and cooling time profiles, and characterizing the morphology and kinematics of the warm gas. Based on our exploratory study of these two sources, we find that the hot gas meets the expectations for an as-yet unheated ICM. Specifically, the entropy and cooling time of pre-feedback clusters within 20 kpc from the center fall below those of mature-feedback clusters by a factor $\sim$2. We speculate that with an estimated mechanical power of $\sim10^{44} - 10^{45}$ erg s$^{-1}$, the two young radio galaxies may restore the entropy levels in a few tens of Myr, which are typical values of power outbursts and lifetimes for radio galaxies in clusters. Conversely, the properties of the gas at $\sim10^{4}$ K seem to remain invariant between the two feedback stages, possibly suggesting that the warm gas reservoir accumulates over long periods ($10^{7}$ - $10^{8}$ yr) during the growth of the radio galaxy. We conclude that the exploratory results obtained from our analysis of two cluster-central young radio galaxies are crucial in the context of understanding the onset of active galactic nuclei feedback, and they provide enough motivation for further investigation of similar cases.

Waking the monster: the onset of AGN feedback in galaxy clusters hosting young central radio galaxies / Francesco Ubertosi; Myriam Gitti; Fabrizio Brighenti; Valeria Olivares; Ewan O'Sullivan; Gerrit Schellenberger. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 1432-0746. - ELETTRONICO. - 673:(2023), pp. A52.52-A52.59. [10.1051/0004-6361/202345894]

Waking the monster: the onset of AGN feedback in galaxy clusters hosting young central radio galaxies

Francesco Ubertosi
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Myriam Gitti
Supervision
;
Fabrizio Brighenti;
2023

Abstract

The investigation of the feedback cycle in galaxy clusters has historically been performed for systems where feedback is ongoing ("mature-feedback" clusters), that is where the central radio galaxy has inflated radio lobes, pushing aside the intracluster medium (ICM). In this pilot study we present results from "pre-feedback" clusters, where the central newly active radio galaxies (age $<10^{3}$ yr) may not yet have had time to alter the thermodynamic state of the ICM. We analyze $Chandra$ and MUSE observations of two such systems, evaluating the hot gas entropy and cooling time profiles, and characterizing the morphology and kinematics of the warm gas. Based on our exploratory study of these two sources, we find that the hot gas meets the expectations for an as-yet unheated ICM. Specifically, the entropy and cooling time of pre-feedback clusters within 20 kpc from the center fall below those of mature-feedback clusters by a factor $\sim$2. We speculate that with an estimated mechanical power of $\sim10^{44} - 10^{45}$ erg s$^{-1}$, the two young radio galaxies may restore the entropy levels in a few tens of Myr, which are typical values of power outbursts and lifetimes for radio galaxies in clusters. Conversely, the properties of the gas at $\sim10^{4}$ K seem to remain invariant between the two feedback stages, possibly suggesting that the warm gas reservoir accumulates over long periods ($10^{7}$ - $10^{8}$ yr) during the growth of the radio galaxy. We conclude that the exploratory results obtained from our analysis of two cluster-central young radio galaxies are crucial in the context of understanding the onset of active galactic nuclei feedback, and they provide enough motivation for further investigation of similar cases.
2023
Waking the monster: the onset of AGN feedback in galaxy clusters hosting young central radio galaxies / Francesco Ubertosi; Myriam Gitti; Fabrizio Brighenti; Valeria Olivares; Ewan O'Sullivan; Gerrit Schellenberger. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 1432-0746. - ELETTRONICO. - 673:(2023), pp. A52.52-A52.59. [10.1051/0004-6361/202345894]
Francesco Ubertosi; Myriam Gitti; Fabrizio Brighenti; Valeria Olivares; Ewan O'Sullivan; Gerrit Schellenberger
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/961832
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