Crossbreeding might be a valid strategy to valorize local pig breeds. Crossbreeding should reduce homozygosity and, as a consequence, yield hybrid vigor for fitness and production traits. This study aimed to quantify the persistence of autozygosity in terminal crossbred pigs compared with purebreds and, in turn, identify genomic regions where autozygosity's persistence would not be found. The study was based on genotyping data from 20 European local pig breeds and three cosmopolitan pig breeds used to simulate crossbred offspring. This study consisted of two steps. First, one hundred matings were simulated for each pairwise combination of the 23 considered breeds (for a total of 276 combinations), ignoring the sex of the parent individuals in order to generate purebred and crossbred matings leveraging all the germplasm available. Second, a few preselected terminal-maternal breed pairs were used to mimic a realistic terminal crossbreeding system: (i) Mora Romagnola (boars) or Cinta Senese (boars) crossed with Large White (sows) or Landrace (sows); (ii) Duroc (boars) crossed with Mora Romagnola (sows) or Cinta Senese (sows). Runs of homozygosity was used to estimate genome-wide autozygosity (FROH). Observed FROH was higher in purebreds than in crossbreds, although some crossbred combinations showed higher FROH than other purebred combinations. Among the purebreds, the highest FROH values were observed in Mora Romagnola and Turopolje (0.50 and 0.46, respectively). FROH ranged from 0.04 to 0.16 in the crossbreds Alentejana × Large White and Alentejana × Iberian, respectively. Persistence of autozygosity was found in several genomic segments harboring regions where quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were found in the literature. The regions were enriched in QTLs involved in fatty acid metabolism and associated with performance traits. This simulation shows that autozygosity persists in most breed combinations of terminal crosses. Results suggest that a strategy for crossbreeding is implemented when leveraging autochthonous and cosmopolitan breeds to obtain most of the hybrid vigor.

Persistence of autozygosity in crossbreds between autochthonous and cosmopolitan breeds of swine: a simulation study / Fabbri, Maria Chiara; Lozada-Soto, Emmanuel; Tiezzi, Francesco; Čandek-Potokar, Marjeta; Bovo, Samuele; Schiavo, Giuseppina; Fontanesi, Luca; Muñoz, Maria; Ovilo, Cristina; Bozzi, Riccardo. - In: ANIMAL. - ISSN 1751-732X. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:February 2024(2024), pp. 101070.1-101070.10. [10.1016/j.animal.2023.101070]

Persistence of autozygosity in crossbreds between autochthonous and cosmopolitan breeds of swine: a simulation study

Bovo, Samuele;Schiavo, Giuseppina;Fontanesi, Luca;
2024

Abstract

Crossbreeding might be a valid strategy to valorize local pig breeds. Crossbreeding should reduce homozygosity and, as a consequence, yield hybrid vigor for fitness and production traits. This study aimed to quantify the persistence of autozygosity in terminal crossbred pigs compared with purebreds and, in turn, identify genomic regions where autozygosity's persistence would not be found. The study was based on genotyping data from 20 European local pig breeds and three cosmopolitan pig breeds used to simulate crossbred offspring. This study consisted of two steps. First, one hundred matings were simulated for each pairwise combination of the 23 considered breeds (for a total of 276 combinations), ignoring the sex of the parent individuals in order to generate purebred and crossbred matings leveraging all the germplasm available. Second, a few preselected terminal-maternal breed pairs were used to mimic a realistic terminal crossbreeding system: (i) Mora Romagnola (boars) or Cinta Senese (boars) crossed with Large White (sows) or Landrace (sows); (ii) Duroc (boars) crossed with Mora Romagnola (sows) or Cinta Senese (sows). Runs of homozygosity was used to estimate genome-wide autozygosity (FROH). Observed FROH was higher in purebreds than in crossbreds, although some crossbred combinations showed higher FROH than other purebred combinations. Among the purebreds, the highest FROH values were observed in Mora Romagnola and Turopolje (0.50 and 0.46, respectively). FROH ranged from 0.04 to 0.16 in the crossbreds Alentejana × Large White and Alentejana × Iberian, respectively. Persistence of autozygosity was found in several genomic segments harboring regions where quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were found in the literature. The regions were enriched in QTLs involved in fatty acid metabolism and associated with performance traits. This simulation shows that autozygosity persists in most breed combinations of terminal crosses. Results suggest that a strategy for crossbreeding is implemented when leveraging autochthonous and cosmopolitan breeds to obtain most of the hybrid vigor.
2024
Persistence of autozygosity in crossbreds between autochthonous and cosmopolitan breeds of swine: a simulation study / Fabbri, Maria Chiara; Lozada-Soto, Emmanuel; Tiezzi, Francesco; Čandek-Potokar, Marjeta; Bovo, Samuele; Schiavo, Giuseppina; Fontanesi, Luca; Muñoz, Maria; Ovilo, Cristina; Bozzi, Riccardo. - In: ANIMAL. - ISSN 1751-732X. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:February 2024(2024), pp. 101070.1-101070.10. [10.1016/j.animal.2023.101070]
Fabbri, Maria Chiara; Lozada-Soto, Emmanuel; Tiezzi, Francesco; Čandek-Potokar, Marjeta; Bovo, Samuele; Schiavo, Giuseppina; Fontanesi, Luca; Muñoz, Maria; Ovilo, Cristina; Bozzi, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/961553
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