Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping (QSM) is an MRI-based technique allowing the non-invasive quantification of iron content and myelination in the brain. The RIN - Neuroimaging Network established an optimized and harmonized protocol for QSM across ten sites with 3T MRI systems from three different vendors to enable multicentric studies. The assessment of the reproducibility of this protocol is crucial to establish susceptibility as a quantitative biomarker. In this work, we evaluated cross-vendor reproducibility in a group of six traveling brains. Then, we recruited fifty-one volunteers and measured the variability of QSM values in a cohort of healthy subjects scanned at different sites, simulating a multicentric study. Both voxelwise and Region of Interest (ROI)-based analysis on cortical and subcortical gray matter were performed.The traveling brain study yielded high structural similarity (similar to 0.8) and excellent reproducibility comparing maps acquired on scanners from two different vendors. Depending on the ROI, we reported a quantification error ranging from 0.001 to 0.017 ppm for the traveling brains. In the cohort of fifty-one healthy subjects scanned at nine different sites, the ROI-dependent variability of susceptibility values, of the order of 0.005-0.025 ppm, was comparable to the result of the traveling brain experiment.The harmonized QSM protocol of the RIN - Neuroimaging Network provides a reliable quantification of susceptibility in both cortical and subcortical gray matter regions and it is ready for multicentric and longitudinal clinical studies in neurological and pychiatric diseases.

Multi-centre and multi-vendor reproducibility of a standardized protocol for quantitative susceptibility Mapping of the human brain at 3T / Lancione, Marta; Bosco, Paolo; Costagli, Mauro; Nigri, Anna; Aquino, Domenico; Carne, Irene; Ferraro, Stefania; Giulietti, Giovanni; Napolitano, Antonio; Palesi, Fulvia; Pavone, Luigi; Pirastru, Alice; Savini, Giovanni; Tagliavini, Fabrizio; Bruzzone, Maria Grazia; Gandini Wheeler-Kingshott, Claudia A.M.; Tosetti, Michela; Biagi, Laura; Redolfi, Alberto;, D’Angelo, Egidio; Forloni, Gianluigi; Agati, Raffaele; Aiello, Marco; Alberici, Elisa; Amato, Carmelo; Arrigoni, Filippo; Baglio, Francesca; Bastianello, Stefano; Bonanno, Lilla; Bottino, Francesca; Bozzali, Marco; Carducci, Chiara; Carnevale, Lorenzo; Castellano, Antonella; Cavaliere, Carlo; Colnaghi, Mattia; Conte, Giorgio; De Francesco, Silvia; Demichelis, Greta; Contarino, Valeria Elisa; Falini, Andrea;,Ferrazzi, Giulio; Talamanca, Lorenzo Figà; Fundarò, Cira; Gaudino, Simona; Ghielmetti, Francesco; Gianeri, Ruben; Grimaldi, Marco; Iadanza, Antonella; Levrero, Fabrizio; Lodi, Raffaele; Longo, Daniela; Lucignani, Giulia; Lucignani, Martina; Malosio, Maria Luisa; Manzo, Vittorio; Marcella, Lagana M.; Marino, Silvia; Medina, Jean Paula; Micotti, Edoardo; Morelli, Claudia; Moscato, Alessio; Padelli, Francesco;.Palermo, Sara; Pantano. Patrizi; Parrillo, Chiara; Peruzzo, Denis; Petsas, Nikolaos; Politi, Letterio S.; Roccatagliata, Luca; Rognone, Elisa; Rossi, Andrea; Rossi-Espagnet, Maria Camilla; Ruvolo, Claudia; Salvatore, Marco; Tagliente, Emanuela; Testa, Claudia; Tonon, Caterina; Tortora, Domenico; Triulzi, Fabio Maria.. - In: PHYSICA MEDICA. - ISSN 1120-1797. - ELETTRONICO. - 103:(2022), pp. 37-45. [10.1016/j.ejmp.2022.09.012]

Multi-centre and multi-vendor reproducibility of a standardized protocol for quantitative susceptibility Mapping of the human brain at 3T

Agati, Raffaele;Lodi, Raffaele;Testa, Claudia;Tonon, Caterina;
2022

Abstract

Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping (QSM) is an MRI-based technique allowing the non-invasive quantification of iron content and myelination in the brain. The RIN - Neuroimaging Network established an optimized and harmonized protocol for QSM across ten sites with 3T MRI systems from three different vendors to enable multicentric studies. The assessment of the reproducibility of this protocol is crucial to establish susceptibility as a quantitative biomarker. In this work, we evaluated cross-vendor reproducibility in a group of six traveling brains. Then, we recruited fifty-one volunteers and measured the variability of QSM values in a cohort of healthy subjects scanned at different sites, simulating a multicentric study. Both voxelwise and Region of Interest (ROI)-based analysis on cortical and subcortical gray matter were performed.The traveling brain study yielded high structural similarity (similar to 0.8) and excellent reproducibility comparing maps acquired on scanners from two different vendors. Depending on the ROI, we reported a quantification error ranging from 0.001 to 0.017 ppm for the traveling brains. In the cohort of fifty-one healthy subjects scanned at nine different sites, the ROI-dependent variability of susceptibility values, of the order of 0.005-0.025 ppm, was comparable to the result of the traveling brain experiment.The harmonized QSM protocol of the RIN - Neuroimaging Network provides a reliable quantification of susceptibility in both cortical and subcortical gray matter regions and it is ready for multicentric and longitudinal clinical studies in neurological and pychiatric diseases.
2022
Multi-centre and multi-vendor reproducibility of a standardized protocol for quantitative susceptibility Mapping of the human brain at 3T / Lancione, Marta; Bosco, Paolo; Costagli, Mauro; Nigri, Anna; Aquino, Domenico; Carne, Irene; Ferraro, Stefania; Giulietti, Giovanni; Napolitano, Antonio; Palesi, Fulvia; Pavone, Luigi; Pirastru, Alice; Savini, Giovanni; Tagliavini, Fabrizio; Bruzzone, Maria Grazia; Gandini Wheeler-Kingshott, Claudia A.M.; Tosetti, Michela; Biagi, Laura; Redolfi, Alberto;, D’Angelo, Egidio; Forloni, Gianluigi; Agati, Raffaele; Aiello, Marco; Alberici, Elisa; Amato, Carmelo; Arrigoni, Filippo; Baglio, Francesca; Bastianello, Stefano; Bonanno, Lilla; Bottino, Francesca; Bozzali, Marco; Carducci, Chiara; Carnevale, Lorenzo; Castellano, Antonella; Cavaliere, Carlo; Colnaghi, Mattia; Conte, Giorgio; De Francesco, Silvia; Demichelis, Greta; Contarino, Valeria Elisa; Falini, Andrea;,Ferrazzi, Giulio; Talamanca, Lorenzo Figà; Fundarò, Cira; Gaudino, Simona; Ghielmetti, Francesco; Gianeri, Ruben; Grimaldi, Marco; Iadanza, Antonella; Levrero, Fabrizio; Lodi, Raffaele; Longo, Daniela; Lucignani, Giulia; Lucignani, Martina; Malosio, Maria Luisa; Manzo, Vittorio; Marcella, Lagana M.; Marino, Silvia; Medina, Jean Paula; Micotti, Edoardo; Morelli, Claudia; Moscato, Alessio; Padelli, Francesco;.Palermo, Sara; Pantano. Patrizi; Parrillo, Chiara; Peruzzo, Denis; Petsas, Nikolaos; Politi, Letterio S.; Roccatagliata, Luca; Rognone, Elisa; Rossi, Andrea; Rossi-Espagnet, Maria Camilla; Ruvolo, Claudia; Salvatore, Marco; Tagliente, Emanuela; Testa, Claudia; Tonon, Caterina; Tortora, Domenico; Triulzi, Fabio Maria.. - In: PHYSICA MEDICA. - ISSN 1120-1797. - ELETTRONICO. - 103:(2022), pp. 37-45. [10.1016/j.ejmp.2022.09.012]
Lancione, Marta; Bosco, Paolo; Costagli, Mauro; Nigri, Anna; Aquino, Domenico; Carne, Irene; Ferraro, Stefania; Giulietti, Giovanni; Napolitano, Antonio; Palesi, Fulvia; Pavone, Luigi; Pirastru, Alice; Savini, Giovanni; Tagliavini, Fabrizio; Bruzzone, Maria Grazia; Gandini Wheeler-Kingshott, Claudia A.M.; Tosetti, Michela; Biagi, Laura; Redolfi, Alberto;, D’Angelo, Egidio; Forloni, Gianluigi; Agati, Raffaele; Aiello, Marco; Alberici, Elisa; Amato, Carmelo; Arrigoni, Filippo; Baglio, Francesca; Bastianello, Stefano; Bonanno, Lilla; Bottino, Francesca; Bozzali, Marco; Carducci, Chiara; Carnevale, Lorenzo; Castellano, Antonella; Cavaliere, Carlo; Colnaghi, Mattia; Conte, Giorgio; De Francesco, Silvia; Demichelis, Greta; Contarino, Valeria Elisa; Falini, Andrea;,Ferrazzi, Giulio; Talamanca, Lorenzo Figà; Fundarò, Cira; Gaudino, Simona; Ghielmetti, Francesco; Gianeri, Ruben; Grimaldi, Marco; Iadanza, Antonella; Levrero, Fabrizio; Lodi, Raffaele; Longo, Daniela; Lucignani, Giulia; Lucignani, Martina; Malosio, Maria Luisa; Manzo, Vittorio; Marcella, Lagana M.; Marino, Silvia; Medina, Jean Paula; Micotti, Edoardo; Morelli, Claudia; Moscato, Alessio; Padelli, Francesco;.Palermo, Sara; Pantano. Patrizi; Parrillo, Chiara; Peruzzo, Denis; Petsas, Nikolaos; Politi, Letterio S.; Roccatagliata, Luca; Rognone, Elisa; Rossi, Andrea; Rossi-Espagnet, Maria Camilla; Ruvolo, Claudia; Salvatore, Marco; Tagliente, Emanuela; Testa, Claudia; Tonon, Caterina; Tortora, Domenico; Triulzi, Fabio Maria.
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