Wearable Internet of Things (IoT) devices with inertial sensors can enable personalized and fine-grained Human Activity Recognition (HAR). While activity classification on the Extreme Edge (EE) can reduce latency and maximize user privacy, it must tackle the unique challenges posed by the constrained environment. Indeed, Deep Learning (DL) techniques may not be applicable, and data processing can become burdensome due to the lack of input systems. In this paper, we address those issues by proposing, implementing, and validating an EE-aware HAR system. Our system incorporates a feature selection mechanism to reduce the data dimensionality in input, and an unsupervised feature separation and classification technique based on Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs). We developed the system on an M5Stack IoT prototype board and implemented a new SOM library for the Arduino SDK. Experimental results on two HAR datasets show that our proposed solution is able to overcome other unsupervised approaches and achieve performance close to state-of-art DL techniques while generating a model small enough to fit the limited memory capabilities of EE devices.

Optimizing IoT-based Human Activity Recognition on Extreme Edge Devices / Trotta, Angelo; Montori, Federico; Vallasciani, Giacomo; Bononi, Luciano; Di Felice, Marco. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 41-48. (Intervento presentato al convegno 2023 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP) tenutosi a Nashville nel 26-30 June 2023) [10.1109/smartcomp58114.2023.00023].

Optimizing IoT-based Human Activity Recognition on Extreme Edge Devices

Trotta, Angelo
Co-primo
;
Montori, Federico
Co-primo
;
Vallasciani, Giacomo;Bononi, Luciano;Di Felice, Marco
2023

Abstract

Wearable Internet of Things (IoT) devices with inertial sensors can enable personalized and fine-grained Human Activity Recognition (HAR). While activity classification on the Extreme Edge (EE) can reduce latency and maximize user privacy, it must tackle the unique challenges posed by the constrained environment. Indeed, Deep Learning (DL) techniques may not be applicable, and data processing can become burdensome due to the lack of input systems. In this paper, we address those issues by proposing, implementing, and validating an EE-aware HAR system. Our system incorporates a feature selection mechanism to reduce the data dimensionality in input, and an unsupervised feature separation and classification technique based on Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs). We developed the system on an M5Stack IoT prototype board and implemented a new SOM library for the Arduino SDK. Experimental results on two HAR datasets show that our proposed solution is able to overcome other unsupervised approaches and achieve performance close to state-of-art DL techniques while generating a model small enough to fit the limited memory capabilities of EE devices.
2023
2023 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP)
41
48
Optimizing IoT-based Human Activity Recognition on Extreme Edge Devices / Trotta, Angelo; Montori, Federico; Vallasciani, Giacomo; Bononi, Luciano; Di Felice, Marco. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 41-48. (Intervento presentato al convegno 2023 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP) tenutosi a Nashville nel 26-30 June 2023) [10.1109/smartcomp58114.2023.00023].
Trotta, Angelo; Montori, Federico; Vallasciani, Giacomo; Bononi, Luciano; Di Felice, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/959683
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