Background: Neurodegenerative diseases often alter sleep architecture, complicating the application of the standard sleep scoring rules. There are no recommendations to overcome this problem. Our aim was to develop a scoring method that incorporates the stages previously applied in dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), anti-IgLON5 disease, and fatal insomnia, and to test it in patients with alpha-synucleinopathies. Methods: Video-polysomnographies (VPSG) of nine patients (DLB:3, Parkinson's disease (PD):3, and multiple system atrophy (MSA):3) selected for their difficulty in applying standard rules were scored independently by two authors, using additional Sleep/Wake stages. These included Abnormal Wake, Subwake, Undifferentiated NREM sleep (UNREM), Poorly structured N2 (P-S N2) and abnormal REM sleep including REM without atonia (RWA), REM without low-amplitude, mixed-frequency EEG activity (RWL) and REM without rapid eye movements (RWR). Results: Patients (4 females) had a median age of 74 (range 63-85). Six patients (all with PD or DLB) had abnormal EEG awake and Subwake stage. UNREM sleep was present in all patients, typically at sleep onset, and was the most common sleep stage in five. P-S N2 was recorded only in the three patients with MSA. Periods of normal and abnormal NREM coexisted in three patients. RWA was the predominant REM subtype, RWR occurred mainly in patients with MSA and RWL in those with DLB. Six patients had brief REM episodes into NREM sleep which we termed "Encapsulated RBD". Conclusion: Our scoring system allows an accurate description of the complex sleep-wake changes in patients with alpha-synucleinopathies.

Scoring sleep in neurodegenerative diseases: A pilot study in the synucleinopathies / Montini A.; Iranzo A.; Cortelli P.; Gaig C.; Munoz-Lopetegi A.; Provini F.; Santamaria J.. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1878-5506. - ELETTRONICO. - 110:(2023), pp. 268-286. [10.1016/j.sleep.2023.08.022]

Scoring sleep in neurodegenerative diseases: A pilot study in the synucleinopathies

Montini A.
Primo
;
Cortelli P.;Provini F.
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

Background: Neurodegenerative diseases often alter sleep architecture, complicating the application of the standard sleep scoring rules. There are no recommendations to overcome this problem. Our aim was to develop a scoring method that incorporates the stages previously applied in dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), anti-IgLON5 disease, and fatal insomnia, and to test it in patients with alpha-synucleinopathies. Methods: Video-polysomnographies (VPSG) of nine patients (DLB:3, Parkinson's disease (PD):3, and multiple system atrophy (MSA):3) selected for their difficulty in applying standard rules were scored independently by two authors, using additional Sleep/Wake stages. These included Abnormal Wake, Subwake, Undifferentiated NREM sleep (UNREM), Poorly structured N2 (P-S N2) and abnormal REM sleep including REM without atonia (RWA), REM without low-amplitude, mixed-frequency EEG activity (RWL) and REM without rapid eye movements (RWR). Results: Patients (4 females) had a median age of 74 (range 63-85). Six patients (all with PD or DLB) had abnormal EEG awake and Subwake stage. UNREM sleep was present in all patients, typically at sleep onset, and was the most common sleep stage in five. P-S N2 was recorded only in the three patients with MSA. Periods of normal and abnormal NREM coexisted in three patients. RWA was the predominant REM subtype, RWR occurred mainly in patients with MSA and RWL in those with DLB. Six patients had brief REM episodes into NREM sleep which we termed "Encapsulated RBD". Conclusion: Our scoring system allows an accurate description of the complex sleep-wake changes in patients with alpha-synucleinopathies.
2023
Scoring sleep in neurodegenerative diseases: A pilot study in the synucleinopathies / Montini A.; Iranzo A.; Cortelli P.; Gaig C.; Munoz-Lopetegi A.; Provini F.; Santamaria J.. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1878-5506. - ELETTRONICO. - 110:(2023), pp. 268-286. [10.1016/j.sleep.2023.08.022]
Montini A.; Iranzo A.; Cortelli P.; Gaig C.; Munoz-Lopetegi A.; Provini F.; Santamaria J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/955942
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