This paper presents a search for a new Z′ vector gauge boson with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider using pp collision data collected at √s = 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb −1. The new gauge boson Z′ is predicted by Lμ − Lτ models to address observed phenomena that can not be explained by the Standard Model. The search examines the four-muon (4μ) final state, using a deep learning neural network classifier to separate the Z′ signal from the Standard Model background events. The di-muon invariant masses in the 4μ events are used to extract the Z′ resonance signature. No significant excess of events is observed over the predicted background. Upper limits at a 95% confidence level on the Z′ production cross-section times the decay branching fraction of pp → Z′μμ → 4μ are set from 0.31 to 4.3 fb for the Z′ mass ranging from 5 to 81 GeV. The corresponding common coupling strengths, gZ′, of the Z′ boson to the second and third generation leptons above 0.003 – 0.2 have been excluded.

Aad, G., Abbott, B., Abbott, D.C., Abeling, K., Abidi, S.H., Aboulhorma, A., et al. (2023). Search for a new Z′ gauge boson in 4μ events with the ATLAS experiment. JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS, 2023(7), 0-41 [10.1007/JHEP07(2023)090].

Search for a new Z′ gauge boson in 4μ events with the ATLAS experiment

Alberghi, G. L.;Alfonsi, F.;Bindi, M.;Boscherini, D.;Cabras, G.;Carratta, G.;Cavalli, N.;Clissa, L.;De Castro, S.;Fabbri, F.;Fabbri, L.;Franchini, M.;Gabrielli, A.;Lasagni Manghi, F.;Massa, L.;