Image-based identification of circulating tumor cells in microfluidic cytometry condition is one of the most challenging perspectives in the Liquid Biopsy scenario. Here we show a machine learning-powered tomographic phase imaging flow cytometry system capable to provide high-throughput 3D phase-contrast tomograms of each single cell. In fact, we show that discrimination of tumor cells against white blood cells is potentially achievable with the aid of artificial intelligence in a label-free flow-cyto-tomography method. We propose a hierarchical machine learning decision-maker, working on a set of features calculated from the 3D tomograms of the cells’ refractive index. We prove that 3D morphological features are adequately distinctive to identify tumor cells versus the white blood cell background in the first stage and, moreover, in recognizing the tumor type at the second decision step. Proof-of-concept experiments are shown, in which two different tumor cell lines, namely neuroblastoma cancer cells and ovarian cancer cells, are used against monocytes. The reported results allow claiming the identification of tumor cells with a success rate higher than 97% and with an accuracy over 97% in discriminating between the two cancer cell types, thus opening in a near future the route to a new Liquid Biopsy tool for detecting and classifying circulating tumor cells in blood by stain-free method.

Label-free liquid biopsy through the identification of tumor cells by machine learning-powered tomographic phase imaging flow cytometry / Pirone D.; Montella A.; Sirico D.G.; Mugnano M.; Villone M.M.; Bianco V.; Miccio L.; Porcelli A.M.; Kurelac I.; Capasso M.; Iolascon A.; Maffettone P.L.; Memmolo P.; Ferraro P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:1(2023), pp. 6042.6042-1-6042.6042-13. [10.1038/s41598-023-32110-9]

Label-free liquid biopsy through the identification of tumor cells by machine learning-powered tomographic phase imaging flow cytometry

Porcelli A. M.
Funding Acquisition
;
Kurelac I.
Conceptualization
;
2023

Abstract

Image-based identification of circulating tumor cells in microfluidic cytometry condition is one of the most challenging perspectives in the Liquid Biopsy scenario. Here we show a machine learning-powered tomographic phase imaging flow cytometry system capable to provide high-throughput 3D phase-contrast tomograms of each single cell. In fact, we show that discrimination of tumor cells against white blood cells is potentially achievable with the aid of artificial intelligence in a label-free flow-cyto-tomography method. We propose a hierarchical machine learning decision-maker, working on a set of features calculated from the 3D tomograms of the cells’ refractive index. We prove that 3D morphological features are adequately distinctive to identify tumor cells versus the white blood cell background in the first stage and, moreover, in recognizing the tumor type at the second decision step. Proof-of-concept experiments are shown, in which two different tumor cell lines, namely neuroblastoma cancer cells and ovarian cancer cells, are used against monocytes. The reported results allow claiming the identification of tumor cells with a success rate higher than 97% and with an accuracy over 97% in discriminating between the two cancer cell types, thus opening in a near future the route to a new Liquid Biopsy tool for detecting and classifying circulating tumor cells in blood by stain-free method.
2023
Label-free liquid biopsy through the identification of tumor cells by machine learning-powered tomographic phase imaging flow cytometry / Pirone D.; Montella A.; Sirico D.G.; Mugnano M.; Villone M.M.; Bianco V.; Miccio L.; Porcelli A.M.; Kurelac I.; Capasso M.; Iolascon A.; Maffettone P.L.; Memmolo P.; Ferraro P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:1(2023), pp. 6042.6042-1-6042.6042-13. [10.1038/s41598-023-32110-9]
Pirone D.; Montella A.; Sirico D.G.; Mugnano M.; Villone M.M.; Bianco V.; Miccio L.; Porcelli A.M.; Kurelac I.; Capasso M.; Iolascon A.; Maffettone P.L.; Memmolo P.; Ferraro P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/952517
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