By using the ATLAS detector, observations have been made of a centrality-dependent dijet asymmetry in the collisions of lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider. In a sample of lead-lead events with a per-nucleon center of mass energy of 2.76 TeV, selected with a minimum bias trigger, jets are reconstructed in fine-grained, longitudinally segmented electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters. The transverse energies of dijets in opposite hemispheres are observed to become systematically more unbalanced with increasing event centrality leading to a large number of events which contain highly asymmetric dijets. This is the first observation of an enhancement of events with such large dijet asymmetries, not observed in proton-proton collisions, which may point to an interpretation in terms of strong jet energy loss in a hot, dense medium.

Observation of a Centrality-Dependent Dijet Asymmetry in Lead-Lead Collisions at √sNN=2.76  TeV with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC

BERTIN, ANTONIO;BINDI, MARCELLO;CAFORIO, DAVIDE;DE CASTRO, STEFANO;DI SIPIO, RICCARDO;FABBRI, LAURA;MASSA, IGNAZIO GIACOMO;