Purpose: The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA) on hip muscle volume and fatty infiltration and to evaluate changes of muscles after total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with unilateral hip OA subjected to THA with perioperative pelvic girdle 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirty-five patients were included. Ten of these have also postoperative MRIs. Medius gluteus (MG) and iliopsoas (IP) muscles were manually segmented on the MRI scans, the corresponding 3D muscle geometries were reconstructed, and the volumes extracted. Muscle quality was assessed using the Goutallier classification on coronal MRI images. Volume and muscle quality differences were calculated between healthy and affected side. Results: Pre-operatively, MG and IP on the affected side presented a mean muscle volume 17.5 ± 18% (p < 0.001) and 14.4 ± 15.8% (p < 0.001) smaller than the healthy counterpart, respectively. Muscles on the affected side showed a significant higher grade of fatty infiltration compared to the healthy side (p < 0.05 for MG; p < 0.001 for IP). At an average follow-up of 13 ± 5.3 months after THA, MG, and IP muscles of the affected hip showed an average 22.8% (p < 0.001) and 28.2% (p < 0.001) volume increase after THA. Also, the healthy side showed a significant increase of muscle volume for IP (17.1% p < 0.001). No significant change for MG muscle was observed. Conclusions: The study demonstrated preoperative reduced muscle volume and higher fatty infiltration at the muscles of the OA hip compared to the contralateral healthy one. A significant positive effect of THA on hip muscle volume was observed. These findings give an interesting insight on muscle deconditioning and recovery in patients undergoing THA.

Magnetic resonance-based hip muscles retrospective analysis shows deconditioning and recovery after total hip arthroplasty surgery

Di Martino A.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Davico G.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Castafaro V.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Geraci G.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Stefanini N.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Tassinari L.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Viceconti M.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Faldini C.
Supervision
2023

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA) on hip muscle volume and fatty infiltration and to evaluate changes of muscles after total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with unilateral hip OA subjected to THA with perioperative pelvic girdle 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirty-five patients were included. Ten of these have also postoperative MRIs. Medius gluteus (MG) and iliopsoas (IP) muscles were manually segmented on the MRI scans, the corresponding 3D muscle geometries were reconstructed, and the volumes extracted. Muscle quality was assessed using the Goutallier classification on coronal MRI images. Volume and muscle quality differences were calculated between healthy and affected side. Results: Pre-operatively, MG and IP on the affected side presented a mean muscle volume 17.5 ± 18% (p < 0.001) and 14.4 ± 15.8% (p < 0.001) smaller than the healthy counterpart, respectively. Muscles on the affected side showed a significant higher grade of fatty infiltration compared to the healthy side (p < 0.05 for MG; p < 0.001 for IP). At an average follow-up of 13 ± 5.3 months after THA, MG, and IP muscles of the affected hip showed an average 22.8% (p < 0.001) and 28.2% (p < 0.001) volume increase after THA. Also, the healthy side showed a significant increase of muscle volume for IP (17.1% p < 0.001). No significant change for MG muscle was observed. Conclusions: The study demonstrated preoperative reduced muscle volume and higher fatty infiltration at the muscles of the OA hip compared to the contralateral healthy one. A significant positive effect of THA on hip muscle volume was observed. These findings give an interesting insight on muscle deconditioning and recovery in patients undergoing THA.
2023
Di Martino A.; Davico G.; Castafaro V.; Geraci G.; Stefanini N.; Tassinari L.; Viceconti M.; Faldini C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/949379
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