In Die Grundgesetze der Arithmetik (I, §48), Frege introduces his rule of the fusion of horizontals, according to which if an occurrence of the horizontal stroke is followed by another occurrence of the same stroke, either in isolation or “contained” in a propositional connective, the two occurrences can be fused with each other. However, the role of this rule, and of the horizontal sign more generally, is controversial; Michael Dummett notoriously claimed, for instance, that the horizontal is “wholly superfluous” in Frege’s logical system. In this paper, we challenge Dummett’s view by providing a comprehensive analysis of the significance of the horizontal stroke. After some preliminary remarks, we argue that even if Frege’s connectives in some sense “contain” the horizontal, yet they are total functions. Then, we take up the question of the sense expressed by the horizontal, and we claim that, unlike other sentential operators, the horizontal is not sense-compositional. Finally, we consider the semantic and pragmatic aspects of Frege’s horizontal in connection to his judgment stroke and the double judgment stroke. Contra Dummett, we argue that the horizontal is a special and indispensable element of Frege’s logic.

Frege: A fusion of horizontals / Bellucci, Francesco; Chiffi, Daniele; Zanetti, Luca. - In: THEORIA. - ISSN 0040-5825. - ELETTRONICO. - 89:5(2023), pp. 690-709. [10.1111/theo.12488]

Frege: A fusion of horizontals

Bellucci, Francesco
;
2023

Abstract

In Die Grundgesetze der Arithmetik (I, §48), Frege introduces his rule of the fusion of horizontals, according to which if an occurrence of the horizontal stroke is followed by another occurrence of the same stroke, either in isolation or “contained” in a propositional connective, the two occurrences can be fused with each other. However, the role of this rule, and of the horizontal sign more generally, is controversial; Michael Dummett notoriously claimed, for instance, that the horizontal is “wholly superfluous” in Frege’s logical system. In this paper, we challenge Dummett’s view by providing a comprehensive analysis of the significance of the horizontal stroke. After some preliminary remarks, we argue that even if Frege’s connectives in some sense “contain” the horizontal, yet they are total functions. Then, we take up the question of the sense expressed by the horizontal, and we claim that, unlike other sentential operators, the horizontal is not sense-compositional. Finally, we consider the semantic and pragmatic aspects of Frege’s horizontal in connection to his judgment stroke and the double judgment stroke. Contra Dummett, we argue that the horizontal is a special and indispensable element of Frege’s logic.
2023
Frege: A fusion of horizontals / Bellucci, Francesco; Chiffi, Daniele; Zanetti, Luca. - In: THEORIA. - ISSN 0040-5825. - ELETTRONICO. - 89:5(2023), pp. 690-709. [10.1111/theo.12488]
Bellucci, Francesco; Chiffi, Daniele; Zanetti, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/945833
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