Hive products have numerous beneficial properties; however, the hive’s health is affected by the surrounding environment. The widespread use of herbicides in agriculture, such as glyphosate and glufosinate, has raised alarm among consumers, beekeepers, and environmentalists due to their potential to harm bees and humans through the consumption of bee products. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the presence of glyphosate, glufosinate, and their metabolites in hive products, collecting and comparing available data from peer-reviewed research and surveys conducted across several countries. Moreover, it analyzes and discusses the potential impacts of these substances on human and bee health, analytical aspects, and recent regulatory developments. The data has revealed that these substances can be present in the different matrices tested, but the concentrations found are usually lower than the maximum residue limits set. However, the use of different methodologies with non-uniform analytical performances, together with an incomplete search for regulated analytes, leads to heterogeneity and makes comparisons challenging. In addition to the completion of studies on the toxicology of herbicide active ingredients, further monitoring actions are necessary, harmonizing analytical methodologies and data management procedures.

Glyphosate and Glufosinate Residues in Honey and Other Hive Products / Rampazzo, Giulia; Gazzotti, Teresa; Zironi, Elisa; Pagliuca, Giampiero. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:6(2023), pp. 1155.1-1155.13. [10.3390/foods12061155]

Glyphosate and Glufosinate Residues in Honey and Other Hive Products

Rampazzo, Giulia;Gazzotti, Teresa
;
Zironi, Elisa;Pagliuca, Giampiero
2023

Abstract

Hive products have numerous beneficial properties; however, the hive’s health is affected by the surrounding environment. The widespread use of herbicides in agriculture, such as glyphosate and glufosinate, has raised alarm among consumers, beekeepers, and environmentalists due to their potential to harm bees and humans through the consumption of bee products. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the presence of glyphosate, glufosinate, and their metabolites in hive products, collecting and comparing available data from peer-reviewed research and surveys conducted across several countries. Moreover, it analyzes and discusses the potential impacts of these substances on human and bee health, analytical aspects, and recent regulatory developments. The data has revealed that these substances can be present in the different matrices tested, but the concentrations found are usually lower than the maximum residue limits set. However, the use of different methodologies with non-uniform analytical performances, together with an incomplete search for regulated analytes, leads to heterogeneity and makes comparisons challenging. In addition to the completion of studies on the toxicology of herbicide active ingredients, further monitoring actions are necessary, harmonizing analytical methodologies and data management procedures.
2023
Glyphosate and Glufosinate Residues in Honey and Other Hive Products / Rampazzo, Giulia; Gazzotti, Teresa; Zironi, Elisa; Pagliuca, Giampiero. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:6(2023), pp. 1155.1-1155.13. [10.3390/foods12061155]
Rampazzo, Giulia; Gazzotti, Teresa; Zironi, Elisa; Pagliuca, Giampiero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/920896
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